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Breeds of Beef Cattle

cattle breeds livestock Cattle are considered to have been one of the first animals domesticated by man for agricultural purposes.  They were tamed to provide milk, meat and hides and for draft purposes.  The exact time and place this happened is hidden in the mists of antiquity, but it is thought they were probably first domesticated in Europe and Asia about 8500 years ago.

Domesticated cattle are in the family  Bovidae which includes ruminates with paired, hollow, unbranched horns that do not shed and an even number of toes.  They belong to the genus Bos and the subgenera Taurine which includes the two species tarus and indicus

Cattle are ruminants (as are sheep, goats, deer, and giraffes), which gives them a unique digestive system that allows the digestion of otherwise unuseable foods by regurgitating and rechewing them as cud. They thrive on grasses and other low quality plants built predominantly of cellulose. Cattle have one stomach that has four compartments. They are named the rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum. The rumen is the largest compartment and is like a fermentation tank, providing the anaerobic environment, constant temperature and pH, and constant mixing that allows microbes to break down the cellulolse. The reticulum, known as the "Honeycomb", is is the smallest compartment. The omasum's main function is to absorb water and nutrients and is known as the "Many Plies." The abomasum is most like the human stomach; this is why it is known as the "True Stomach."

All breeds of British and European cattle like Angus, Hereford, Charolais and Simmental belong to the tarus species.  The humped cattle of the tropical countries like Brahman and Africander belong to the indicus species.  Many contemporary breeds are the result of crossing two or more of the older breeds.  Most of the new breeds originating in the United States were developed in the Southern states where the standard breeds lacked resistance to heat and insects and did not thrive on the native grasses.  Other Bovidae that are so closely related to true cattle that they can interbreed include the bison, buffalo, and yak.

Purebred cattle breeds have been selectively bred over a long period of time to possess a distinctive identity in color, size, conformation, and function and have the prepotency to pass these traits to their progeny.

The world cattle population is estimated to be about 1.3 billion head, with about 30 percent in Asia, 20 percent in South America, 15 percent in Africa, 14 percent in North and Central America, and 10 percent in Europe.  The 10 states in the US with the  largest cattle populations  are Texas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Nebraska, South Dakota, Montana, Kansas, Iowa, Kentucky, and Florida.

Click on the breed you would like to know more about in the Index on the left.

These are some of the current topics being discussed on CattleToday.com's Breeds Board. Why don't you join in?

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cattle angus




These are a few of the topics being discussed on the Q&A Boards.
Just click on the topic to read it.   Why not join the discussion?
CattleToday.com
CattleToday's Q & A Boards are a Cattle Forum for swapping information and asking and answering questions about breed, health problems, beginners questions and jokes about cattle and horses.

guessing the age
by Bigfoot (Posted Sun, 01 May 2016 17:36:31 GMT+5)
What are you going to breed that heifer to? She's pretty nice.



why are herefords so thin compared to "old time" cattle
by dun (Posted Sun, 01 May 2016 17:33:26 GMT+5)
sim.-ang.king wrote:I always wondered how Herefords could of free roamed the plains for decades with other breeds, and supposedly come out "pure" by some's definitions.

I better go punish myself for ever speaking evil against the "only real breed of cattle".
I thought Aurochs were the only real beef breed.



% Brahma?
by Lazy M (Posted Sun, 01 May 2016 17:30:28 GMT+5)
Familiar with the fence jumper breed. She's not related or else she wouldn't still be here. If you cornered her alone she still wouldn't be looking to jump a fence but I'm not sure you'd like the results even so..



Foot Rot Question
by jerry27150 (Posted Sun, 01 May 2016 17:18:17 GMT+5)
have you looked at her foot or given any antibiotics, never seen hoof rot that could not be cured. may be thorn or something in it. sulfur pills work good. any problem with inflammation will affect the meat



Chianina
by elkwc (Posted Sun, 01 May 2016 17:13:17 GMT+5)
sim.-ang.king wrote:I hasn't met a chi of any % yet that isn't at least a bit crazy.

+1



My Home Town
by slick4591 (Posted Sun, 01 May 2016 17:13:15 GMT+5)
cowboy43 wrote:Click on and open Luling web cam , it is a live feed of downtown Luling

Been through Luling four times on my way to Nixon and back. Stunk each way.



Kim Kardashian
by TCRanch (Posted Sun, 01 May 2016 17:05:06 GMT+5)
Chip off the ol' block, Tennessee? Love this post! Inyati13, we just sold one of our Simm/Angus at a hefty 2055 lbs. Baby had back!



vacum cleaner problems
by bbirder (Posted Sun, 01 May 2016 16:41:23 GMT+5)
You have to plug it in for the electric starter to work!



Murray Grey Cows and Calves
by HDRider (Posted Sun, 01 May 2016 16:40:16 GMT+5)
Perfection on 4 legs. I love them.



Trying Pearl Millet
by JSCATTLE (Posted Sun, 01 May 2016 16:14:57 GMT+5)
I'm planting the sorghum Sudan this year .. wanted pearl millet but I can buy 3 bags of sorghum to 1 bag of pearl ..



horned herefords
by Carlos F. (Posted Sun, 01 May 2016 16:13:39 GMT+5)
I am interested. Send me a PM or let me know who the Argentinian members are.



no signs yet. what to do?
by cow pollinater (Posted Sun, 01 May 2016 16:09:01 GMT+5)
I'd guess that 90% of the cows I've bred after lut shots are in the 72-96 hour range.



How much hay?
by JSCATTLE (Posted Sun, 01 May 2016 16:07:58 GMT+5)
South East texas and I figure 4 4x5 rolls per cow per year .. I usually have about 1/3 of that left in the barn at the end of winter . But I have fed all 4 rolls in a bad year ..



Who's yer daddy (part II)?
by WalnutCrest (Posted Sun, 01 May 2016 15:46:14 GMT+5)
Heifer calf born today to a 5yr old recip.

Calf is either a heifer embryo (embryo was created from sorted semen) ... or ... the result of natural bull service.

If an embryo, calf was due 4/14. Calf weighs 58lbs. This cow has never had a calf above 60lbs.

If an embryo calf, the sire is known for producing smaller-than-average calves. If a natural sire, it's the bulls first calf; he weighed 72 pounds at birth.

DNA tests will ensue.

What's yer guess? Who's the daddy?



what is best wire or material for cross-fencing a pond?
by Hippie Rancher (Posted Sun, 01 May 2016 15:34:29 GMT+5)
Stocker Steve wrote:Wire panels are quick but they don't work well with crowding or high headed cattle.
High tensile with > 5K volts will outlast barbed wire.
One hot strand onto your existing fence may be the easiest approach.

oh trust me I know high headed cattle and I don't think hot wire would stop 'em either, especially in a pressure situation. this is a water lot and the cross-pond fence is part of a funnel to steel pens that pretty much can hold anything now. Occasionally something bounces off the perimeter fence of the water lot, but they are getting better. the cross fence is rusting out and I was just wondering if there might be some new ideas out there before throwing another couple rolls of wire at it. I guess that is cheap enough, really if you think about it. most of the uprights are some kind of scraps from a large machine - a road grader or something? they are flat hunks of metal about 3/8 inch thick x 4 inches wide and 6 or 7 or so feet long. heavy and not rusting through as fast as a regular T post, though we still have those in the water too.







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