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Breeds of Beef Cattle

cattle breeds livestock Cattle are considered to have been one of the first animals domesticated by man for agricultural purposes.  They were tamed to provide milk, meat and hides and for draft purposes.  The exact time and place this happened is hidden in the mists of antiquity, but it is thought they were probably first domesticated in Europe and Asia about 8500 years ago.

Domesticated cattle are in the family  Bovidae which includes ruminates with paired, hollow, unbranched horns that do not shed and an even number of toes.  They belong to the genus Bos and the subgenera Taurine which includes the two species tarus and indicus

Cattle are ruminants (as are sheep, goats, deer, and giraffes), which gives them a unique digestive system that allows the digestion of otherwise unuseable foods by regurgitating and rechewing them as cud. They thrive on grasses and other low quality plants built predominantly of cellulose. Cattle have one stomach that has four compartments. They are named the rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum. The rumen is the largest compartment and is like a fermentation tank, providing the anaerobic environment, constant temperature and pH, and constant mixing that allows microbes to break down the cellulolse. The reticulum, known as the "Honeycomb", is is the smallest compartment. The omasum's main function is to absorb water and nutrients and is known as the "Many Plies." The abomasum is most like the human stomach; this is why it is known as the "True Stomach."

All breeds of British and European cattle like Angus, Hereford, Charolais and Simmental belong to the tarus species.  The humped cattle of the tropical countries like Brahman and Africander belong to the indicus species.  Many contemporary breeds are the result of crossing two or more of the older breeds.  Most of the new breeds originating in the United States were developed in the Southern states where the standard breeds lacked resistance to heat and insects and did not thrive on the native grasses.  Other Bovidae that are so closely related to true cattle that they can interbreed include the bison, buffalo, and yak.

Purebred cattle breeds have been selectively bred over a long period of time to possess a distinctive identity in color, size, conformation, and function and have the prepotency to pass these traits to their progeny.

The world cattle population is estimated to be about 1.3 billion head, with about 30 percent in Asia, 20 percent in South America, 15 percent in Africa, 14 percent in North and Central America, and 10 percent in Europe.  The 10 states in the US with the  largest cattle populations  are Texas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Nebraska, South Dakota, Montana, Kansas, Iowa, Kentucky, and Florida.

Click on the breed you would like to know more about in the Index on the left.

These are some of the current topics being discussed on CattleToday.com's Breeds Board. Why don't you join in?

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These are a few of the topics being discussed on the Q&A Boards.
Just click on the topic to read it.   Why not join the discussion?
CattleToday.com
CattleToday's Q & A Boards are a Cattle Forum for swapping information and asking and answering questions about breed, health problems, beginners questions and jokes about cattle and horses.

Dodge 8.0L V10....
by Nesikep (Posted Tue, 02 Sep 2014 23:01:39 GMT)
The V10 is easier on transmissions at a given power than the cummins is because it is much smoother. I could well imagine they are a bit hard to work on, that's a lot of engine in there for sure, but since they are hard on fuel, you probably get them a lot cheaper than the same truck in a diesel. A engine swap could be done without too much trouble, especially on a manual tranny.

As far as it's capability, it'll do what you need it to with ease, and it'll probably be happier starting when it's cold, and you'll probably get heat in the cab by the time you get out of the driveway, while the diesels take 10 minutes of driving to get any darned heat out of them.

I think if you can pick one up at a decent price, it'll do what you need it to. For a 2wd 3/4 ton I'd say about $4000 unless it's in exceptional condition.



Hey Prez, it's me again cuttin an American's head off.
by greybeard (Posted Tue, 02 Sep 2014 23:01:11 GMT)
I wonder which bright shiny thing will be in the lib news tomorrow to take attention away from this murder?
They already released the news about the insignificant airstrike in Somalia--they'll have to do better than that.



can someone tell me
by tater74 (Posted Tue, 02 Sep 2014 22:54:03 GMT)
It was a story on the drudge report. I can't link to it with my old phone. The rebels captured the airport a week or two bac and supposedly no one knows where they are.


It wuld not surprise me if they were in the hanger with the maylasian plane. 9/11 is right aroung the corner. Also, that is a good vehicle to hit israel with.

Most 3rd world countries can make or buy a bomb. What they can't do is deliver it successfully. A jumbo jet provides that vehicle. We saw what one full of fuel can do. What would one with a nuke in it do?

I hope I'm wrong and they are down for maintenance, but I doubt it.



Daughter Rolled Ranger 8/29
by Nesikep (Posted Tue, 02 Sep 2014 22:51:36 GMT)
Well, it's good to hear she's up and walking, despite it's certainly not all that enjoyable to do at this point.

Hope she keeps getting better, and you get her room done so she can be home



A couple of GV heifer pics .
by branguscowgirl (Posted Tue, 02 Sep 2014 22:48:14 GMT)
hillsdown wrote:Thanks Ken !
Brangus CG ,I will post pics again in a month , once they are on full feed .


Great! Will look forward to it HD.
I think that steer is going to blossom also!



Oh' mighty Isis..
by Chuckie (Posted Tue, 02 Sep 2014 22:46:57 GMT)
I agree about the build up of Isis. How could they multiply and build back up, and the governments of other nations close their eyes to it.

Then I wonder how we let our country allow more rights to Muslims than they do to Christians. We have a Muslim in the white house, and I don't see him caring how these people are slowly building up here. He has so many hidden agendas being performed by others, he is just a front. They send him to the golf course so he will keep his mouth shut. All he can do is screw things up for them as he is not here to solve problems.

They announced several weeks ago that they would run their flag up on the White House. Hello! It's September 2nd today. I am anxious to see where Obama will spend the 11th.

I worry that they have finally figured out that coming here and making a small cookware bomb is getting them no where. If they can build up again in the middle east, after being a small group, then they very well can be building up here to stage a large attack on cities to show their strength. 10 in each major city to go in a mall or large gathering, and it would rock our world as we know it. Then we would be living in fear as we wait for more violence to happen as they recruit people here and as they ride through the border stations, and walk across the land. They will be our new liberal voters you know as Christians are not allowed to discuss religion in public! And as they attack, Obama and Eric Holder will have a judge go in and read each one his rights because they don't want to call it terrorist, otherwise, they will be asked to do something about it. They want to label it riots, thugs, and workplace violence.
The writing is on the wall; I just don't know what the he// it says!



Hate losing one....
by Nesikep (Posted Tue, 02 Sep 2014 22:45:32 GMT)
I think we got your storm coming through here now. it's been pretty miserable since noon.

I kinda doubt the flying pool would have caused her to slip it at that stage. We've all lost them, and none of us like it, but an embryo calf has the extra cost associated with it which makes it hurt just a little more. Was this one pretty close to full term? If you're having a lot born too early I'd look at other factors.. This time of year it would be unlikely mouldy feed would be the cause, perhaps viral? If not it's just crap luck, and not worth second guessing yourself over.



Brangus bull semen choices (Videos)
by branguscowgirl (Posted Tue, 02 Sep 2014 22:43:29 GMT)
Ordering more semen to flush my Rosey cow to. My goal is to moderate the frame on my big girls a bit. Also need clean, structurally correct bulls and show/breeding females.
What do you all think about these two bulls? Either one that you like over the other? Would love to get your opinions.

http://youtu.be/2SalW16VTcw
http://youtu.be/mOIUBVszRDQ



Inside out
by Brute 23 (Posted Tue, 02 Sep 2014 22:41:50 GMT)
TexasBred wrote:Brute 23 wrote:Before you condemn his way of doing things put yourself in his shoes.

Figure the amount of fence it would take to divide the 300 ac. Multiply that footage by the cost to build fence.

Now take how many extra head you could run and multiply it by your profit on each animal.

Divide the cost by the additional income and see how long it takes to pay for itself. Throw an extra amount of time on for the great equalizer... drought.

What is great management practices doesn't always convert to dollars in your pocket. Just because he is doing it differently doesn't mean it's wrong.

Just some thing to keep in mind. There are a lot of variables you can not see by just looking over a fence.
Amazing how many out this way graze what they refer to as "Mesquite Pasture". Filled with mesquite but always seems to have a huge amount of native grasses growing everywhere. Of course mesquite doesn't blot out the sun like most trees so grass does well. Neither they nor the cows seem to care one way or the other and the cattle always look pretty darn sassy.

This times of year brush pastures have some tint of green on them. Any thing that is wide open is burnt.



Appalachian Mountain Farming (pics)
by Williamsv (Posted Tue, 02 Sep 2014 22:41:17 GMT)
Absolutely beautiful. Have not been up that way in a while, but would love to come back. Thanks for sharing.



Suppose you....
by skyhightree1 (Posted Tue, 02 Sep 2014 22:17:11 GMT)
Chuckie wrote:So, Sky, are you going to do it? If it is a short boom, park some equipment around the truck. Park that big John Deere combine in front of it and make a pile of hay. Then each time you start digging another well, just move everything with it.
Tell everyone you are trying to decide if you want a new hay barn there or an equipment shed, so you are just moving everything to each spot until you get it figured out.

This rig when up should be about 30 foot tall cause the drill sections are what seems to be 20'

kenny thomas wrote:Sky, of you are drilling these for cattle you can get them done for free. Including the waterline and tanks. DCR has it set up until next July 1 that all applications for cost share are funded at 100%. That includes the well permit. Talk to your local SWCD.

Kenny yes they would be for different cattle pastures. Thanks for letting me know. I never knew that.



Book Report
by Ryder (Posted Tue, 02 Sep 2014 22:15:53 GMT)
Never heard of that book.
Thanks for posting John.



spine injury in 6 year old angus bull.
by branguscowgirl (Posted Tue, 02 Sep 2014 21:56:14 GMT)
Update on my young cow with the suspected pinched nerve in her back. Today she was running and bucking after the trailer. It was not graceful, and it looked like be nice, but she didn't fall down. It has been a year since her injury. So she has some improvement as time goes on........



View your post
by Chuckie (Posted Tue, 02 Sep 2014 21:49:25 GMT)
Awwwwww.
I know you can't replace Bebe, as no one takes another's place. But you could get her a new dog to love.



NFL week one picks
by Kingfisher (Posted Tue, 02 Sep 2014 21:38:11 GMT)
I tried to paste that ....as much as I love the Cowboys I doubt they beat the 49'rs even if they play in my back yard!







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