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Breeds of Beef Cattle

cattle breeds livestock Cattle are considered to have been one of the first animals domesticated by man for agricultural purposes.  They were tamed to provide milk, meat and hides and for draft purposes.  The exact time and place this happened is hidden in the mists of antiquity, but it is thought they were probably first domesticated in Europe and Asia about 8500 years ago.

Domesticated cattle are in the family  Bovidae which includes ruminates with paired, hollow, unbranched horns that do not shed and an even number of toes.  They belong to the genus Bos and the subgenera Taurine which includes the two species tarus and indicus

Cattle are ruminants (as are sheep, goats, deer, and giraffes), which gives them a unique digestive system that allows the digestion of otherwise unuseable foods by regurgitating and rechewing them as cud. They thrive on grasses and other low quality plants built predominantly of cellulose. Cattle have one stomach that has four compartments. They are named the rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum. The rumen is the largest compartment and is like a fermentation tank, providing the anaerobic environment, constant temperature and pH, and constant mixing that allows microbes to break down the cellulolse. The reticulum, known as the "Honeycomb", is is the smallest compartment. The omasum's main function is to absorb water and nutrients and is known as the "Many Plies." The abomasum is most like the human stomach; this is why it is known as the "True Stomach."

All breeds of British and European cattle like Angus, Hereford, Charolais and Simmental belong to the tarus species.  The humped cattle of the tropical countries like Brahman and Africander belong to the indicus species.  Many contemporary breeds are the result of crossing two or more of the older breeds.  Most of the new breeds originating in the United States were developed in the Southern states where the standard breeds lacked resistance to heat and insects and did not thrive on the native grasses.  Other Bovidae that are so closely related to true cattle that they can interbreed include the bison, buffalo, and yak.

Purebred cattle breeds have been selectively bred over a long period of time to possess a distinctive identity in color, size, conformation, and function and have the prepotency to pass these traits to their progeny.

The world cattle population is estimated to be about 1.3 billion head, with about 30 percent in Asia, 20 percent in South America, 15 percent in Africa, 14 percent in North and Central America, and 10 percent in Europe.  The 10 states in the US with the  largest cattle populations  are Texas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Nebraska, South Dakota, Montana, Kansas, Iowa, Kentucky, and Florida.

Click on the breed you would like to know more about in the Index on the left.

These are some of the current topics being discussed on's Breeds Board. Why don't you join in?

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These are a few of the topics being discussed on the Q&A Boards.
Just click on the topic to read it.   Why not join the discussion?
CattleToday's Q & A Boards are a Cattle Forum for swapping information and asking and answering questions about breed, health problems, beginners questions and jokes about cattle and horses.

Why is his EPD negative but good?
by BK9954 (Posted Mon, 29 Aug 2016 23:52:25 GMT+5) ... 0&id2nd=40

His Calving ease is a negative 5 but it says he is a leader in his breed. What am I missing in the other information. I know he has the lowest birthweight of all the black brangus on this website. Positive was supposed to be better in calving ease.

Braunvieh or Saler
by js1234 (Posted Mon, 29 Aug 2016 23:28:42 GMT+5)
I'd go Saler. Haven't had a ton of experience with either but I haven't had very good results with Braunvieh in a couple segments of our business. I do buy a decent sized string or two of Saler calves every year and have gotten along pretty good with them.

Retaining ownership
by js1234 (Posted Mon, 29 Aug 2016 23:20:18 GMT+5)
Cross-7 wrote:Custom feeders
Charge you feed plus yardage and meds
They do it all even marketing/contracting
Some will partner on cattle or fill a pen and etc
Lots of options
If you think your cattle will do well then it'd be worth it.
Cactus is top notch imo
Hard to argue with feeding in an Engler yard. Good feeders, good company.
Lots of good yard out there though. If the OP is serious about some recommendations, I'd be happy to give some details about particular companies or yards.

What's going on with The forum
by greybeard (Posted Mon, 29 Aug 2016 22:56:32 GMT+5)
I know a feller that got a brand new phone last week and as he was pulling out of the phone store parking lot he logged on to Ct and it immediately started telling him he had a virus and he had 24 hrs to download this program to fix it or his phone would lock up and never be functional again . he called me and I sent him the ad free app browser and the problem was solved. I have done numerous searches for the issue and it seems it is something that is triggered by the ads . IDK what exactly but I have had zero problems since I installed secure browser
Does this 'secure' browser have ad block by default?

Anyone that buys any device and right out of the box logs on to the internet to other than a website such as CNet to download security apps, deserves whatever happens. At the very least, make sure security apps pre-installed are actually activated and running.
Android devices Android 4.0 and newer should be running Chrome For Android default out of the store, which is a full blown mobile version of the same Chrome most of us are running on our PCs and laptops. Chrome IS a secure browser.

Leg injuries and wound care *caution: pics*
by milkmaid (Posted Mon, 29 Aug 2016 22:33:46 GMT+5)
Meh........ I don't have anything to prove, y'all know this. Agree with me or not it doesn't matter. But fwiw, I don't have the luxury of time. You folks might, and with time and benign neglect the cow that got hurt in the spring is decently healed up by fall. Or the horse is healed in 2 years. (Woohoo, 2 years.)

I get maybe 6 weeks on the calves, lucky to have 3 weeks to get a wound of any size healed on the cow side. Cows that become lame, lose body condition, or their milk production drops will go to town, even if they would have eventually healed. Even if I can almost guarantee the cow will be fine in another month she may not get to stay. A very small portion of my job is to get cows moved out of the hospital pen; the only way that happens is to improve healing and recovery times.

What I do works... very, very well.

Big or small dogs?
by dun (Posted Mon, 29 Aug 2016 22:33:07 GMT+5)
A.J. wrote:Both sizes have have their advantages and disadvantages with kids. I've had big dogs all my life, and since Ive been married I have acquired 4 little yappers. 2 of the little ones are great and tolerant with our 1 year old son, the other two are afraid of him, and will growl at him sometimes if he's next to them and they are afraid he is gonna get rough with them. We have to be careful that he doesn't accidentally hurt one of them with their small size and him not understanding how to be gentle with them yet. Our farm dogs- a golden retriever and black lab are great with him and try to be gentle, but sometimes can accidentally knock him down just because of their size and their high energy level. One good place you might check is if there are any rescue groups around. They have all ages, shapes, and sizes and can tell you a lot about a dog if they have had them a while and worked with them. Like if they are good with other animals and kids, any bad habits or fears, and what their personality is.
Excellent suggestion about the rescues.

New from Tennessee
by Shorthorngrl (Posted Mon, 29 Aug 2016 22:22:14 GMT+5)
Knoxville! But soon to be moving to our farm in Deer Lodge

Feeding in winter
by 1982vett (Posted Mon, 29 Aug 2016 21:51:32 GMT+5)
Winter pasture......had a mild wet winter last year in my part of Texas so plenty of winter grasses and clover. I fed 10 rolls of hay to 60 cows, mostly to slow the runs after putting them on the oats in January. Only bag feed they get besides mineral and salt, is calf creep for about a month when weaning heifers to keep, and a bucket or bag of cubes a couple days before penning and another when I pen.....unless they followed me into the trap.

blitzen goes nuts & killed 300 of his own kind
by Margonme (Posted Mon, 29 Aug 2016 21:35:05 GMT+5)
Yikes. That was a massive strike.

S A V Premier 0096
by coachg (Posted Mon, 29 Aug 2016 21:03:56 GMT+5)
Big , thick, powerful looking . I like him ! Reminds me of the Charlo bull or the Weigh Up bull.

Ever look at a reptile thru a scope and he
by Boots (Posted Mon, 29 Aug 2016 21:03:46 GMT+5)
greybeard wrote:looks so big it scares the crap out of you and you miss? Looked 10" between the eyeballs.
Did me tonight but I didn't miss the rodent that came along later.

Maybe that's why your cows don't get in the water.

by Margonme (Posted Mon, 29 Aug 2016 20:58:38 GMT+5)
ez14 wrote:Margonme wrote:ez14 wrote:did you watch any of the videos on the link i gave you on the saloon thread??

margo how did we come up with this idea of right and wrong? if we all came from nothing and are just a bunch of animals with no higher authority who gets to decide whats right or wrong? why shouldn't i go rob a bank? if i dont think its wrong

Right and wrong is subjective. Social behavior worked that out before man invented speech. Even cows have a social order. Let a cow mess with another's calf and you will observe that.
its subjective so if i decide i dont like it i can change it?

Of course. If what you decide is contrary to what society decides, then you will suffer the consequences.

Social taboos on incest predate religion according to anthropologist. Mankind did not standstill and wait for the Pope to determine what is socially acceptable.

Road scavengers
by Bigfoot (Posted Mon, 29 Aug 2016 20:58:30 GMT+5)
Picked this jewel up this afternoon. (The gun rack, not the guns)

Colin Kaepernick
by gizmom (Posted Mon, 29 Aug 2016 20:56:06 GMT+5)
This reminds me a bit of a vocal group anybody remember the Dixie Chicks? He certainly has a right to protest but his fans have just as much of a right to turn away from him. All those huge checks the poor deprived fella has been receiving might just end. Again we live in a country that gives its citizens a right to be as wrong as they want to be. But they need to be prepared to face the fall out of their actions, and it could be expensive.


by Alan (Posted Mon, 29 Aug 2016 20:53:24 GMT+5)
I don't know if this will help but here is a link to some pics I took of our Mobile slaughtering service processing our steer in 2009. These guys are close to 6' tall or slightly taller, the last few pics will give you a good idea since they are hands on the carcass, up close. Steer was about 1000lbs dressed I think, I didn't re read the old post.


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