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Breeds of Beef Cattle

cattle breeds livestock Cattle are considered to have been one of the first animals domesticated by man for agricultural purposes.  They were tamed to provide milk, meat and hides and for draft purposes.  The exact time and place this happened is hidden in the mists of antiquity, but it is thought they were probably first domesticated in Europe and Asia about 8500 years ago.

Domesticated cattle are in the family  Bovidae which includes ruminates with paired, hollow, unbranched horns that do not shed and an even number of toes.  They belong to the genus Bos and the subgenera Taurine which includes the two species tarus and indicus

Cattle are ruminants (as are sheep, goats, deer, and giraffes), which gives them a unique digestive system that allows the digestion of otherwise unuseable foods by regurgitating and rechewing them as cud. They thrive on grasses and other low quality plants built predominantly of cellulose. Cattle have one stomach that has four compartments. They are named the rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum. The rumen is the largest compartment and is like a fermentation tank, providing the anaerobic environment, constant temperature and pH, and constant mixing that allows microbes to break down the cellulolse. The reticulum, known as the "Honeycomb", is is the smallest compartment. The omasum's main function is to absorb water and nutrients and is known as the "Many Plies." The abomasum is most like the human stomach; this is why it is known as the "True Stomach."

All breeds of British and European cattle like Angus, Hereford, Charolais and Simmental belong to the tarus species.  The humped cattle of the tropical countries like Brahman and Africander belong to the indicus species.  Many contemporary breeds are the result of crossing two or more of the older breeds.  Most of the new breeds originating in the United States were developed in the Southern states where the standard breeds lacked resistance to heat and insects and did not thrive on the native grasses.  Other Bovidae that are so closely related to true cattle that they can interbreed include the bison, buffalo, and yak.

Purebred cattle breeds have been selectively bred over a long period of time to possess a distinctive identity in color, size, conformation, and function and have the prepotency to pass these traits to their progeny.

The world cattle population is estimated to be about 1.3 billion head, with about 30 percent in Asia, 20 percent in South America, 15 percent in Africa, 14 percent in North and Central America, and 10 percent in Europe.  The 10 states in the US with the  largest cattle populations  are Texas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Nebraska, South Dakota, Montana, Kansas, Iowa, Kentucky, and Florida.

Click on the breed you would like to know more about in the Index on the left.

These are some of the current topics being discussed on CattleToday.com's Breeds Board. Why don't you join in?

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These are a few of the topics being discussed on the Q&A Boards.
Just click on the topic to read it.   Why not join the discussion?
CattleToday.com
CattleToday's Q & A Boards are a Cattle Forum for swapping information and asking and answering questions about breed, health problems, beginners questions and jokes about cattle and horses.

Ranch truck design
by callmefence (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 21:30:42 GMT+5)
I don't like the underbed toolboxs Ive never had one( and I've had a bunch) that didn't eventually get hung on a stump or a rock and get damaged. Fine for a highway rig. But for a rough use in the pasture I don't like em.

Wiring. If your going keep your lights working make sure everything under the bed is in a conduit.



Truck Shopping
by Brute 23 (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 21:26:19 GMT+5)
I'm a big fan of the F150 EB but they have gotten expensive. My 3/4 Duramax was with in 2500 dollars.

I'm on track to set an all time high this year. My Duramax has 63K miles and I have 45 days to go before it turns 1 year old. I may crack 70K miles in one year. Wish I could have a truck 4 or 5 years. By the time they get comfortable and how I like them it's time for them to go.



Construction at the Lazy Bar B
by Oldtimer (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 21:25:28 GMT+5)
This is the closest we've come to having the house add-on finished- with all the construction equipment gone-- so I snapped a few pictures... Just in time for the Britzman family reunion. We had relatives come in from as far east as Virginia- as far west as Seattle and California- and as far south as Texas...Only a few lights left to put up, installation of the fire pit and the fireplace and mantle inside left to do...







And while its been 40 years at this house- the ranch is celebrating its 100th Anniversary as my Grandpa first homesteaded in 1916..


My chair on the upper deck for having morning coffee!


My view while having morning coffee!




FEEDING HAY QUESTION
by kenny thomas (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 21:23:19 GMT+5)
Rolling it out every cow gets a chance to eat. In a ring the boss cows may not let some eat what they need. Also in wet weather it gets pretty much a mess around the rings.



Pink eye
by Cross-7 (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 21:17:27 GMT+5)
Cleared up pretty good
I figured she had cancer eye



Cow Incident
by Lucky_P (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 21:12:36 GMT+5)
Glad you had a good experience, despite the fact that you got no live calf... cow is likely OK and will live to provide some beef or other income.

Nothing surprising to me about the female vet doing a good job... I grew up with a bunch of female vet students... married a vet school classmate right out of school - she's always been a better veterinarian than me... and for the past 20 years or more, almost every veterinary class at every veterinary school in the country has been majority female... some have been running 80% females for decades. There are more female veterinarians in the USA than males, and not all of them want to do puppies and kittens.
I always told clients who ever dared to question the abilities/capabilities of my wife... that if SHE couldn't handle it, I probably didn't have any business trying it. Yeah, I was stronger than her... but not enough so that I could 'make' a 2000 lb bull do anything that she couldn't... and us ol' boys sometimes get ourselves in trouble when the testosterone overrides common sense.



What I'm seeing today
by JMJ Farms (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 21:11:40 GMT+5)
tom4018 wrote:Bigfoot wrote:sim.-ang.king wrote:40 some acres of flat, cleared off grass land would be pretty nice to have.

Granddaddy claimed they gave him $8 an acre for it. That was in 1956.

Give them their $8 an acre back, even with the interest it would be cheap.

Compounded at 10% for 60 years it would be $3148/AC. I say go for it.



Heavy vs. light grazing steers
by TheFutureFarmer (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 21:10:06 GMT+5)
I have heard that weaned calves tend to gain better as they spend less time looking for mom and more time eating. This particular farmer purchases these calves in the fall at 200-300 lb and winters them in his barn and he is on a vaccination program with a reputable vet.



Calculating Cost in Heifers and Bulls
by Brute 23 (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 21:02:25 GMT+5)
I don't see how keeping a heifer scews any thing. It's a cost just like buying a bull, cutting hay, fixing fence, etc. It an expense the producing cows have to pay for.



AZ Cowgirl
by JMJ Farms (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 21:00:49 GMT+5)
Welcome to Cattle Today



working heavy bred cows
by TCRanch (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 21:00:32 GMT+5)
If flies are you main concern and it's too hot to work them, we simply dump some cubes & spray our herd while they're eating (and we don't use ear tags for fly control).



Long Gone Cowboy Legends
by JMJ Farms (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 20:58:59 GMT+5)
I don't think they'll ever be another bull rider like Lane Frost. Seems like way too often "The Best" leave this old world sooner than we think they should. I'd like to visit Mt. Olivet sometime.



Heat- 96 today
by kenny thomas (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 20:56:50 GMT+5)
2 years or more ago I told the TX people on here that the long range forecast for most of TX was very dry to a drought for the next 15 years. It has flooded there ever since.



Bum Leg Bull
by TCRanch (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 20:50:28 GMT+5)
rockroadseminole wrote:UPDATE:

So, we went to the beach with the family for a majority of last week. Made up my mind when we left that if there was not any change upon return... hamburger. Actually told the bull that before we left! He must have heard me, because I pull up yesterday to find him standing on all four legs! He is still limping, but using the leg again (not hopping around). I couldn't believe it. Significantly more movement, etc! He bought himself two more weeks. I'll give another update soon.

I'm telling you, cattle are way smarter than given credit Thanks for the update & good news! Hopeful he continues to improve.



Sidearm of choice for concealed carry?
by kenny thomas (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 20:41:20 GMT+5)
papavillars wrote:I have used a dibble as a boy to plant thousand of pine trees.
Some of the pines I planted in the 1970's have been harvested and the area planted again. They must grow real fast because I cant be that old.







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