Breeds of Beef Cattle
Cattle are considered to have been one of the first animals domesticated by man for agricultural purposes. They were tamed to provide milk, meat and hides and for draft purposes. The exact time and place this happened is hidden in the mists of antiquity, but it is thought they were probably first domesticated in Europe and Asia about 8500 years ago.
Domesticated cattle are in the family Bovidae which includes ruminates with paired, hollow, unbranched horns that do not shed and an even number of toes. They belong to the genus Bos and the subgenera Taurine which includes the two species tarus and indicus.
Cattle are ruminants (as are sheep, goats, deer, and giraffes), which gives them a unique digestive system that allows the digestion of otherwise unuseable foods by regurgitating and rechewing them as cud. They thrive on grasses and other low quality plants built predominantly of cellulose. Cattle have one stomach that has four compartments. They are named the rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum. The rumen is the largest compartment and is like a fermentation tank, providing the anaerobic environment, constant temperature and pH, and constant mixing that allows microbes to break down the cellulolse. The reticulum, known as the "Honeycomb", is is the smallest compartment. The omasum's main function is to absorb water and nutrients and is known as the "Many Plies." The abomasum is most like the human stomach; this is why it is known as the "True Stomach."
All breeds of British and European cattle like Angus, Hereford, Charolais and Simmental belong to the tarus species. The humped cattle of the tropical countries like Brahman and Africander belong to the indicus species. Many contemporary breeds are the result of crossing two or more of the older breeds. Most of the new breeds originating in the United States were developed in the Southern states where the standard breeds lacked resistance to heat and insects and did not thrive on the native grasses. Other Bovidae that are so closely related to true cattle that they can interbreed include the bison, buffalo, and yak.
Purebred cattle breeds have been selectively bred over a long period of time to possess a distinctive identity in color, size, conformation, and function and have the prepotency to pass these traits to their progeny.
The world cattle population is estimated to be about 1.3 billion head, with about 30 percent in Asia, 20 percent in South America, 15 percent in Africa, 14 percent in North and Central America, and 10 percent in Europe. The 10 states in the US with the largest cattle populations are Texas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Nebraska, South Dakota, Montana, Kansas, Iowa, Kentucky, and Florida.
Click on the breed you would like to know more about in the Index on the left.
These are some of the current topics being discussed on CattleToday.com's Breeds Board. Why don't you join in?
Cattle Today Online!
Cattle Today Online is the cattleman's guide to the cattle business. Take your time and look around. You'll find the net's best cattle news, free livestock classified ads, free ranch listing, the latest USDA livestock market report, free ranch email, Baxter Black, and a free newsletter just for ranchers. While you are there browse our Links and find a list of breeders. Or make someone smile by sending them a Cow Card!
These are a few of the topics being discussed on the Q&A Boards.
Just click on the topic to read it. Why not join the discussion?
CattleToday's Q & A Boards are a Cattle Forum for swapping information and asking and answering questions about breed, health problems, beginners questions and jokes about cattle and horses.
Show your bull(s) - Put a pic up
by Nesikep (Posted Thu, 24 Jul 2014 00:25:22 GMT)
I like Coyote's first two a lot as well, SaskValley Bonanza is a good line, and I've been to Alta Cedar and spoken to the Boakes, nice people and good, friendly animals there too. I think my SH cows may have some distant relations to both of those two bulls
Infanticide - will a cow kill her own calf?
by Nesikep (Posted Thu, 24 Jul 2014 00:17:12 GMT)
I'm with piedmontese... certainly a live calf is worth more than a dead one, but at what point is it stupidity? Perhaps if when you have 8 (+2 dead) calves of good breeding would make you more money than 10 small and strangely bred calves
I dont know!!!!!
by Nesikep (Posted Thu, 24 Jul 2014 00:12:14 GMT)
Where is he? mars?
HUGE favor needed !!!
by Nesikep (Posted Thu, 24 Jul 2014 00:10:55 GMT)
c'mon folks who haven't voted!.. we got at least a hundred or two active members here
Genetic Defects Blocks My Registration
by Fire Sweep Ranch (Posted Wed, 23 Jul 2014 23:49:42 GMT)
I have to test one of my calves because the dam is NHC, and AAA requires that the offspring be tested.
Another calf I don't have to test for DD, under AAA rules, but I think we will. (Her dam is DDF but the Select Sires AI bull (as discussed in earlier thread) is DDC. If she comes back DDC, my understanding is that she's still registrable but I'm not sure we'd breed her. Maybe we'd use sexed semen and try for a steer...
You mentioned an AAA bull; does the Simmental registry allow SimAngus registration? Or is there a separate registry? (sorry, I know nothing about that area).
Yes,the Simmental registry has an open herd book, meaning anything can be registered as long as it has simmental blood. Most people register half bloods or higher, but not less. A quarter of our herd is half or 3/4 registered Simmental, and we show them just as much as the purebreds. Two of my half bloods are carrierers, one for NH and one for CA. We test all calves that are born, and cut any bulls that test positive.
JD 566 Baler ?
by Tim/South (Posted Wed, 23 Jul 2014 23:35:58 GMT)
Deere upgraded the pick up teeth. The newer, stronger teeth will fit. They are a tad pricy.
market options- questions
by mncowboy (Posted Wed, 23 Jul 2014 23:33:18 GMT)
Purchased a "put" at $2.04 for January for feeders (Anything from 600-900lbs). They've usually averaged around 700 lbs but now that I know my selling price has a floor, a guy can push them a little harder while already knowing what the minimum price will be.
Good help is so hard to find
by Stocker Steve (Posted Wed, 23 Jul 2014 23:31:43 GMT)
Ouachita wrote:When I applied for my first "real" job, I was ask a few questions, mostly about my mechanical ability and experience. The business owner and another man were doing the casual interview. I noticed it seemed like they had a plan in mind. They were both looking at each other like poker players in cahoots. Then the boss man told me it might be my lucky day. He told me to walk out in front of the building, look at the tractor on the trailer and come back to them and tell them what I noticed.
I went out and looked at it. Someone had used ratchet straps to secure the tractor to the trailer.........but the front straps were hooked on to the bumper of the truck.
They told me they had a recent job vacancy and I was hired. Wish I a picture to post. It would fit well here.
saves on safety chains...
by Stocker Steve (Posted Wed, 23 Jul 2014 23:29:59 GMT)
Lucky_P wrote:It's been pretty well shown that the 'pour-on' formulations have pretty poor performance, with as little as 30% of the 'wormer' actually getting to the desired site of action. Despite the fact that the generics must have the 'same' concentration of ivermectin, etc., as the name brand product, unbiased trials have shown that most do not have the efficacy of the name-brand product.
Guy I work cattle with buys the cheapest off brand and then puts on a double dose.
How much of the name-brand products get to the desired site of action, and does this mean name brands are cheaper per head for a good kill ?
Purchased my first yearling Hereford Bull in 10 years
by mncowboy (Posted Wed, 23 Jul 2014 23:26:49 GMT)
elkwc wrote:mncowboy wrote:elkwc wrote:First I want to say this is a nice bull. He has some of the Remittal influence which I have found in most of the better polled cattle I've seen. He should do a nice job for the OP. He would rank in the top 5% of all of the polled bulls I've looked at this year. I've been searching for a Hereford bull preferably a polled. Regardless of what some polled breeders claim there is a quality difference at least in this area between horned and polled cattle. I've covered a fairly large area. Have looked at bulls from some of the hottest breeders in the polled business and bulls who have been either high sellers or at the very top. The issues I've found is that on the average the Polled breed hasn't corrected the muscling issue. I've found some structural problems and also frame size. Many of the bulls from the hottest breeders reminds me of the overgrown dwarfs of the 50's and early 60's. I have seen some improvement. I've found a few bulls which I would purchase but they are priced 2-3 times higher than a horned bull of comparable quality. The other issue in some of those I've found that meet my requirements go back to Titan 23D which many of the known diluters trace back too. And being I want a purebred Hereford with no known or possible genetic issues I'm trying to avoid them. Many of the quality Polled cattle I've found trace back to the Remittals and many go back to the Barbers and Moler. I have found two polled herds that are producing what I term good quality cattle that will perform for the commercial breeder. And have one more to go look at. I feel if the Polled breed will address their issues and the breeders quit chasing the current show ring fad they will be very sought after in the future. I have talked to other commercial breeders and most of them echo my thoughts. I can't comment on the quality in other areas but in this area the main improvement I've noticed over the last 30 years in the Polled cattle and a important one are the udders and teats. Most have addressed this issue. Again my opinion is from a commercial breeder looking for a Hereford bull for an cross. The only reason I haven't purchased a Horned bull is we want to eliminate the need to dehorn.
I purchased this one from Olson hereford and red Angus. Argusville ND. olsonredpower.com
They have some nice herd bulls. They are a long ways from me. Just curious will 5 thousand buy a bull from them?
V wheel rake selection ?
by Stocker Steve (Posted Wed, 23 Jul 2014 23:18:29 GMT)
A neighbor bought a new V rake and his Dad decided to clean up the road ditches - - wrapping the new rake around a telephone pole. My favorite rake 4 sale ad says "some welding".
I am not sure how you wear it out a rake in 5 years. Is Vermeer built that light?
Horses, seems like there is money to be made
by Taurus (Posted Wed, 23 Jul 2014 23:13:44 GMT)
Bigfoot wrote:A horse on good grass, can put on a lot of weight fast. Even in the heat of the summer, when stockers have stalled out on grass. I've always had my farm covered in cattle, with very few acres devoted to horses. Right up untill about 2006 or 7, I consistantly sold more $ worth of horses, than cattle. The entire market is ruined now, and for the foreseeable future. Colts bring nothing, killers bring nothing, just a "riding" horse brings nothing. If people just want a horse, somebody will give them one. It has also ruined the other side of the market. It has driven the price up of a real good using horse-----Rope horse, calf horse, cutting horse, barrel horse etc out of sight. One that is just fair to average, has no where to go. You can't turn it into a trail horse. They are free. You can't ship it to a killer. The only good that has come from the blow to the industry, is that it has cut out some of the back yard breeding of poor quality horses.
Except the mini horses and ponies. We always see them for sale or for free to home. A farm few miles away from us needs to stop breeding the mini horses because their pasture is literally full of mini horses and I lost count after 28th horse.
Had my first bull calf!
by Black and Good (Posted Wed, 23 Jul 2014 22:53:34 GMT)
Congrats1 Good luck to you. B&G
by boondocks (Posted Wed, 23 Jul 2014 22:36:34 GMT)
Ryder wrote:If everything else loses real value and if paper money becomes worth less and less and if gold retains its value then gold is a pretty doggone good deal. Gold is real money.
The price of gold cycles up and down. So does every thing else. But everything doesn't cycle up or down and the same time and not at the same rate. Call up a long term chart of gold and you will see what I am talking about. When gold is on an up cycle it can outpace everything else (within reason).
Therefore it's relative value certainly does increase.
One of the problems we have today (and in the future) is, as someone pointed out, paper money today is counterfeit money because it is not backed by anything of value. It has been this way ever since we went off the gold standard and the powers that be discovered what they could do with some paper and the printing press.
Gold is real money.
And that is my say on the matter.
Well, anything can be "real" money (currency). It depends on the willingness of people to agree that they will treat something as currency, and to settle on a value. (Bitcoin, anyone? Or cigarettes in prison?)
I'm far from an expert on precious metals and the like, but I think I would hoard rare earth minerals or something that's in short supply and necessary to modern electronics. See: http://www.cnet.com/news/digging-for-ra ... -are-born/
Someone (forget who; an economist?) said awhile back that the ultimate thing to "invest" in (hoard) is SPAM. If the SHTF, that's what you want. Spam. (Probably true, but shoot me now).
Texas Gov sends 1000 National Guard to secure Tex/Mex border
by skyhightree1 (Posted Wed, 23 Jul 2014 22:20:09 GMT)
Brute 23 wrote:There is a lot of stereo typing and big talk coming from people on this thread. Seems the further away the bigger the talk.
I'm dead in the middle of this. The fact is our economy could not function with out these people. They do jobs others wont... others that have been raised here in the US. The majority are decent people.
What's pathetic is people raised here in the US with every opportunity to succeed not taking advantage of what these people are willing to risk their life for.
I think distance from this problem for the U.S. is Irrelevant because if you are an AMERICAN and work and pay taxes just because you can't see this out your back door or have a short drive to it does not matter.... You ask why distance is Irrelevant ... I tell you why because the workers of this country pay taxes being a tax payer no matter how far I am from something I have the right to be concerned about how my tax money is being handled and what its being used for. If its U.S. business and you are a LEGAL U.S. CITIZEN you have a right to say what you want about it and comment on it. H--l If you aren't in the us you can comment on it. One thing I disagree with is they do jobs other people won't ... Please elaborate what jobs an American that truly needs a job to support his family and isn't lazy or wants to live off the gov't wont do that an illegal will do. I hired an 38 year old man that couldn't even get a job at a local fast food place because the owner loaded the business up with migrant workers. The real truth is they will take any job and a lot of teenagers trying to get a job working fast food can't because so many of them take those jobs. I also can't agree that people raised here have every opportunity to succeed. Have you ever opened up a business? Well I will tell you this being born here is an disadvantage in some ways. When I started my business I did not get a loan that I didn't have to pay interest on or back for a certain amount of years. For me as long as they are burning my AZZ up in taxes I personally will comment on U.S. matters. What really burns me up is how so many other people come here the right way to become a citizen and do it the right way and become a citizen which im truly all for and now they want to reward people that could run fast and made it past the line like a kids game of red rover no way.