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Breeds of Beef Cattle

cattle breeds livestock Cattle are considered to have been one of the first animals domesticated by man for agricultural purposes.  They were tamed to provide milk, meat and hides and for draft purposes.  The exact time and place this happened is hidden in the mists of antiquity, but it is thought they were probably first domesticated in Europe and Asia about 8500 years ago.

Domesticated cattle are in the family  Bovidae which includes ruminates with paired, hollow, unbranched horns that do not shed and an even number of toes.  They belong to the genus Bos and the subgenera Taurine which includes the two species tarus and indicus

Cattle are ruminants (as are sheep, goats, deer, and giraffes), which gives them a unique digestive system that allows the digestion of otherwise unuseable foods by regurgitating and rechewing them as cud. They thrive on grasses and other low quality plants built predominantly of cellulose. Cattle have one stomach that has four compartments. They are named the rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum. The rumen is the largest compartment and is like a fermentation tank, providing the anaerobic environment, constant temperature and pH, and constant mixing that allows microbes to break down the cellulolse. The reticulum, known as the "Honeycomb", is is the smallest compartment. The omasum's main function is to absorb water and nutrients and is known as the "Many Plies." The abomasum is most like the human stomach; this is why it is known as the "True Stomach."

All breeds of British and European cattle like Angus, Hereford, Charolais and Simmental belong to the tarus species.  The humped cattle of the tropical countries like Brahman and Africander belong to the indicus species.  Many contemporary breeds are the result of crossing two or more of the older breeds.  Most of the new breeds originating in the United States were developed in the Southern states where the standard breeds lacked resistance to heat and insects and did not thrive on the native grasses.  Other Bovidae that are so closely related to true cattle that they can interbreed include the bison, buffalo, and yak.

Purebred cattle breeds have been selectively bred over a long period of time to possess a distinctive identity in color, size, conformation, and function and have the prepotency to pass these traits to their progeny.

The world cattle population is estimated to be about 1.3 billion head, with about 30 percent in Asia, 20 percent in South America, 15 percent in Africa, 14 percent in North and Central America, and 10 percent in Europe.  The 10 states in the US with the  largest cattle populations  are Texas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Nebraska, South Dakota, Montana, Kansas, Iowa, Kentucky, and Florida.

Click on the breed you would like to know more about in the Index on the left.

These are some of the current topics being discussed on's Breeds Board. Why don't you join in?

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These are a few of the topics being discussed on the Q&A Boards.
Just click on the topic to read it.   Why not join the discussion?
CattleToday's Q & A Boards are a Cattle Forum for swapping information and asking and answering questions about breed, health problems, beginners questions and jokes about cattle and horses.

Long Day-Great outcome
by HDRider (Posted Sat, 01 Aug 2015 06:35:31 GMT)
Bigfoot wrote:I'm a sucker for facilities. How much is a stick of guard rail?
I was asking the same question. There seems to be a lot for sale on the internet. A person might do OK finding used or buying in bulk from Alibaba. This was a little over $230 for a 10' section. ... 0~|sattr02:^Straight$|~

3/4 vs 1 ton
by hillbilly beef man (Posted Sat, 01 Aug 2015 06:23:40 GMT)
Nesikep wrote:My daily driver is a single cab longbox dually,.. I park it anywhere... I find a long wheelbase of the extra and crewcabs to be far more of a handicap than a little extra width.

Yes, you have 2 extra tires but depending on the tire you have on a 4 wheel truck it probably doesn't cost that much more.. I would recommend going with 17.5 or 19.5" tires if you have the option.
trailer brakes... a good trailer brake controller is hard to find.. time based ones are USELESS in an emergency (just where you need them).. and inertia ones are useless when you're stopped.. I have a Hopkins inertia one and it's fairly good, some trucks now have them built in and sense brake pressure.. very very good idea!.

The new F150's are boasting something like 12-14,000 lb towing capacity... I'd like to see how they stand up to that around there, I sure don't believe it, besides the fact that there's probably no one who makes a trailer hitch that will handle it!

I pull that much several times a year with my f-150 and it does fine, and yes the factory brake controller is amazing. By far better than any aftermarket box I have ever used.

Cide kick II Surfactant
by highgrit (Posted Sat, 01 Aug 2015 06:18:41 GMT)
Bigfoot wrote:I'm usually not true to one paticular product/brand name. I stumbled on Cide Kick II surfactant. I haven't used it in anything but a spot sprayer, on woody plants. It seems to amplify the killing power of whatever herbecide you are using. Evidently it helps penetrate the leaf, and bark. I have a species or two, that I have fought like the plague for a long time. I kill them just to spray them again the next year. I've only used this stuff, this summer, but it looks promising. The honey locust I've sprayed with it the stems are dead, and will snap if you try to break them. The stems of honey locust I sprayed before I started using this stuff are still rubbery. Pretty sure they are going to make an appearance next spring. It's pretty cheap to for something that works good. I will add, it does seem to make broad leaf herbecides kill grass. It doesn't reall kill grass to the ground, but it looks dead. It will come back from the base pretty quickly. It's like you left a board laying for a couple of weeks, and then moved it. It doesn't bother me that does it, because if these honey locust become a non issue, I'll gladly kill a little grass to get the job done. Just thought I would share a product that does, what it says it will do.

I use a product called Traction as a surfactant. And my results are similar to yours Bigfoot, especially the grass killing part.

Help, I Need a New Digital Camera!
by (Posted Sat, 01 Aug 2015 06:18:26 GMT)
regolith, yes that is my camera but I just got it Wednesday and haven't even taken a picture yet, but I did charge the battery. I had been using a Nikon Coolpix, but the zoom in/out button messed up. Before that I was using a Panasonic Lumix. I'm pretty sure I'm going to like this one better than either of those. I'll try it out today.

2014 Fall Hereford Bull Crop
by Son of Butch (Posted Sat, 01 Aug 2015 05:49:34 GMT)
mrvictordomino wrote:A few pictures of the bull crop currently being developed.

I like the one with the broken tail back in upper right corner.
The curve of his butt shows up in the picture even from far far away.

Advice for a semi-newbie
by Son of Butch (Posted Sat, 01 Aug 2015 05:29:11 GMT)
The 1st thing I would do is make sure you are signed up for an IRA at work and contributing maximum of whatever
your employer matches and then consider fully funding any other maximum allowed yourself.

2nd I'm not big on 2nd chances. I would consider selling the open cow and put that money aside and when you sell the 3 calves
take the money from 1 calf add it to the cow money and have it ready so when you come across a good bred cow you can
pull the trigger. A 3 in 1 package (bred cow with calf at side) would be even better IF you have the cash to swing that.
IF you have a cash reserve or the cash flow I would invest the money from the other 2 calves to add a 2nd bred cow or 3 in 1
to the herd. But your full time job should be your main focus, keep it that way.
I applaud you for having the energy and desire for both work on and off the farm.

Australian Talk.
by wbvs58 (Posted Sat, 01 Aug 2015 04:24:56 GMT)
Well I hope he doesn't eat too much of the cows feed Jilleroo.
Even in spite of the doom and gloom forecast surely the odds of getting at least a bit of a wet season this year must be getting better but I suspect you just gotta expect the worse and hope for the best. Maybe the coin will land on its edge.
I am taking 5 bulls to the Kingaroy Bull Sale on the 20th August. It is a bit later than I usually sell but the time is coming around quickly. I hope conditions around there are not too bad. I heard they had a bit of a summer season but not as good as what we had here. The 5 bulls I am taking all look good so I hope I stand a chance of leaving them there.

Newborn calf care in hot, dry weather . . .
by Son of Butch (Posted Sat, 01 Aug 2015 04:24:20 GMT)
Kathie in Thorp wrote:Temps today were forecast to be 100 -- it's 109 in the shade of the porch this afternoon. We are calving any day now, and the hot/dry is going to be here for awhile longer; figure just about -0- humidity. Our cattle can brush up in willows in the pastures. Or we can pen them at the plenty-big-enough-to-hold-them-all, well-ventilated barn; they can go in, or stay out. Salt blocks and water tanks accessible everywhere. Any other suggestions?
IF possible calving in a well ventilated barn and adding a fan or fans would be my first choice.
Heat makes animals lethargic, so keep an eye out for calves that do not want to get up and nurse.
Warm milk only makes them warmer. That adds more problems with inadequate colostrum intake.
Weakened immune system from low colostrum intake combined with heat stress and they will be scouring
within a few days, so be ready to follow up with electrolytes day 2 and day 3 as needed to head it off.

Good Weed Control Publication
by JWBrahman (Posted Sat, 01 Aug 2015 04:22:53 GMT)
Bigfoot wrote:Also, they say light mineral oil for a basal bark treatment. I've used diesal. They talking about the same stuff I oil a horse with?

Cup of coffee bet says they are referring to the light mineral oil you can purchase from the big boxes. There are several brands for natural wood finishes. The kind of oil you would use to clean a big wooden salad bowl.

The 50 States are in a bar
by wacocowboy (Posted Sat, 01 Aug 2015 01:44:02 GMT)
The bartender should be fired can't even make a decent drink.

Ever Been Stung By.....
by wacocowboy (Posted Sat, 01 Aug 2015 01:31:20 GMT)
I got red and guinea wasp and yellow jackets. I love wasp spay I buy that stuff in bulk. Love those streams I can stand a way back and spray till every last one is dead. When I was working cows I found red wasp made a nest in a gate that was a big nest I kept spaying and they kept pouring out used up most of a can but enjoyed every second of it. One of my favorite spring chores is walk around looking for nest to spray. A few year ago I missed one and got stung right between my shoulders that hurt. Once my wife put some med on it I got my wasp spray and got revenge. Never knew a dauber could sting. I hate wasp, ants, daubers, mosquito, nats, fly,and grasshoppers. I don't have very many scorpions. When I was a kid we had a bunch of scorpions use to catch them and cut the stingers off and play with them, we also use to keep them in a jar as pets.

What would be your least appealing job?
by branguscowgirl (Posted Sat, 01 Aug 2015 01:11:20 GMT)
I wouldn't want to work in a slaughter house either! Or be the person that scrapes up road kill off the streets. Oh, or the ones that clean up after a rotting, putrid body is discovered. I don't do well with those smells.

This thread has really been entertaining! I am laughing my azz off at some of these comments.

Calf Feeds...
by Son of Butch (Posted Fri, 31 Jul 2015 22:52:30 GMT)
3.33 lbs a day x 90 days = 300 lbs = 6 bags x 13.30 = $79.80

I don't think it was too bad
by skyhightree1 (Posted Fri, 31 Jul 2015 22:34:05 GMT)
Ojp6 wrote:Is there anything wrong with that 410 lb steer? He might make you more money than the rest combined if he's a good one

That steer is the one with the ear tag at the bunk.. He looked wormy and was thin for his size and age. I vaccinated all and wormed them. He is eating grain pretty good now I don't think he had ever had it before.

wifes got stomach cancer
by gizmom (Posted Fri, 31 Jul 2015 22:15:06 GMT)

I am so very sorry to hear the news about your wife. I will sure have you, your wife and son on our prayer list. I was reading my daily bible study today and thought about you, I hope you won't mind me sharing it with you.

I have promised to meet all your needs according to My glorious riches. Your deepest, most constant need is for My Peace. I have planted Peace in the garden of your heart, where I live; but there are weeds growing there too: pride, worry, selfishness, unbelief. I am the Gardener, and I am working to rid your heart of those weeds. I do My work in various ways. When you sit quietly with Me, I shine the Light of My Presence directly into your heart. In this heavenly Light, Peace grows abundantly and weeds shrivel up. I also send trials into your life. When you trust Me in the midst of trouble, Peace flourishes and weeds die away. Thank Me for troublesome situations; the Peace they can produce for outweighs the trials you endure

And my God will meet all our needs according to his glorious riches in Christ Jesus - Philippians 4:19

I hope God's promises will bring you some peace and comfort.


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