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Breeds of Beef Cattle

cattle breeds livestock Cattle are considered to have been one of the first animals domesticated by man for agricultural purposes.  They were tamed to provide milk, meat and hides and for draft purposes.  The exact time and place this happened is hidden in the mists of antiquity, but it is thought they were probably first domesticated in Europe and Asia about 8500 years ago.

Domesticated cattle are in the family  Bovidae which includes ruminates with paired, hollow, unbranched horns that do not shed and an even number of toes.  They belong to the genus Bos and the subgenera Taurine which includes the two species tarus and indicus

Cattle are ruminants (as are sheep, goats, deer, and giraffes), which gives them a unique digestive system that allows the digestion of otherwise unuseable foods by regurgitating and rechewing them as cud. They thrive on grasses and other low quality plants built predominantly of cellulose. Cattle have one stomach that has four compartments. They are named the rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum. The rumen is the largest compartment and is like a fermentation tank, providing the anaerobic environment, constant temperature and pH, and constant mixing that allows microbes to break down the cellulolse. The reticulum, known as the "Honeycomb", is is the smallest compartment. The omasum's main function is to absorb water and nutrients and is known as the "Many Plies." The abomasum is most like the human stomach; this is why it is known as the "True Stomach."

All breeds of British and European cattle like Angus, Hereford, Charolais and Simmental belong to the tarus species.  The humped cattle of the tropical countries like Brahman and Africander belong to the indicus species.  Many contemporary breeds are the result of crossing two or more of the older breeds.  Most of the new breeds originating in the United States were developed in the Southern states where the standard breeds lacked resistance to heat and insects and did not thrive on the native grasses.  Other Bovidae that are so closely related to true cattle that they can interbreed include the bison, buffalo, and yak.

Purebred cattle breeds have been selectively bred over a long period of time to possess a distinctive identity in color, size, conformation, and function and have the prepotency to pass these traits to their progeny.

The world cattle population is estimated to be about 1.3 billion head, with about 30 percent in Asia, 20 percent in South America, 15 percent in Africa, 14 percent in North and Central America, and 10 percent in Europe.  The 10 states in the US with the  largest cattle populations  are Texas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Nebraska, South Dakota, Montana, Kansas, Iowa, Kentucky, and Florida.

Click on the breed you would like to know more about in the Index on the left.

These are some of the current topics being discussed on's Breeds Board. Why don't you join in?

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cattle angus

These are a few of the topics being discussed on the Q&A Boards.
Just click on the topic to read it.   Why not join the discussion?
CattleToday's Q & A Boards are a Cattle Forum for swapping information and asking and answering questions about breed, health problems, beginners questions and jokes about cattle and horses.

e6 Beefmasters
by wacocowboy (Posted Tue, 16 Sep 2014 14:15:47 GMT)
cloud9cattle wrote:I really think I am going to try and find Lbar5502 semen. Love the white face he throws.

Excellent choice that is my bulls grandfather or great grandfather would have to look at his papers again

by M5farm (Posted Tue, 16 Sep 2014 14:12:24 GMT)
Ouachita wrote:M5, did you photoshop, or is that the poster child?

no photo Shop the brangus in the foreground is a pretty good representation of my cows structure. the one on the left had a calf last week so she was heavy bred

Truck Tranny Temp ?
by Stocker Steve (Posted Tue, 16 Sep 2014 14:07:46 GMT)
It has a tranny cooler. Temp was 194 F pulling a light 2 wheel trailer during cool weather.

palpation results
by thommoos (Posted Tue, 16 Sep 2014 14:06:51 GMT)
After hard culling this last year, and reduced herd size down in the fall. Last year I borrowed a neighbors Angus Bull to breed my beefmasters, the results 1 bull calf, out of 9 momma cows. no other pregnacies. Spent yesterday morning loading and hauling to Vet for checking. 8 of the nine check were between 4 and 5 months bred, the last just calved 7-14, to early to tell. I have 2 heifers that are 2 yrs old that are no breeders (given lute in may to jump start, nothing). I was pleasantly surprised to find out that My 14 month old Gelbveih setttled all that would settle in just over a month.

side note: Gelbveih Purchased April 18,2014.

Animal Information

Tattoo Registration# Name Birthdate
KTGF406A2 AMGV1247060 SOUTHERN FORTUNE February 15 2013
Gelbvieh % PB94 BLD Sex Male Horn Polled
AI Permit No DNA Color Black



Acc ST
Acc YG
Acc CW
Acc RE
Acc MB
Acc FT
Acc BW 0.30 0.9
Acc WW 0.32 70
Acc YW 0.25 103
Acc MK 0.25 33
Acc TM CED 0.23 68 7

Perf WT AdjWT Ratio AID Frame AdjSC AdjPel
BTH 77 77
WNG 620 623 205
YLG 854 850 370

DNA/Genetic Conditions results
Coat Color Horned Polled Diluter BVD PI Tenderness Docility AM NH CA OS DD

AMGV488923 ECHO 575E -- NHF , OSF , DDF , AMF
AMGV704862 3298K -- CAF
AMGV408729 MISS 92C

AMGV849634 FANCY N111
Dam: AMGV1074222 DO LITTLE 406U
AMGV874441 406P -- CAF
AMGV836875 257 M

stocker cattle
by Stocker Steve (Posted Tue, 16 Sep 2014 13:59:21 GMT)
Texas PaPaw wrote:Having run many different ration scenarios have learned that more concentrate and less roughage usually results in a higher adg and lower cost of gain.

What ADG range would you target with $2 to $3 corn to minimize COG?

Bad Bag or Just Don't Look ?
by Stocker Steve (Posted Tue, 16 Sep 2014 13:55:56 GMT)
Got a easy keeping and heavy milking bwf 8 yr old cow that has developed bad bag support. I planned to cull her this fall, but the current calf prices are giving me second thoughts. Her bag tips forward a bit so the calf gets started on the front two quarters, and eventually gets to the back two. Will this develop into a real problem that needs to be prevented, or do I need to only look at her big calf for a couple years?

Which Squeeze Chute?
by Karin (Posted Tue, 16 Sep 2014 13:49:01 GMT)
Aaron, which was the worst chute you've laid eyes on? Like, brand- or make-wise.

I've had a look at Priefert, Tuff and Hi-Hog chutes and any chute that has bars that are too far for me to reach (me being just over 5' tall), I wouldn't bother looking at again. The Priefert S04 didn't seemed too bad until I had to try to reach the very top handles to open the rear gate. That was no fun. Even if it was oiled up (the one I tried out wasn't) it'd still be a pain for me to manipulate. The Tuff chute I didn't care for mainly because the release for the drop-bars would be something of a finger-pinching/removal hazard and a half. And I like my fingers very much, thanks. With Hi-Hog, they're not bad except for the pulley system and the rear gate. Those ropes and pulleys weren't user-friendly for a petite woman like moi, and I've never exactly cared for the kind of rear gate like I had to work with when we had our old chute.

The Sioux Steel chute seems a lot more user-friendly to me than those other three brands I've tried out.

Rye Grass Vs Oats
by M5farm (Posted Tue, 16 Sep 2014 13:42:36 GMT)
I got a 4 acre patch done Saturday with 100# oats and 25# clover per acre. I broke this patch last year and planted millet this spring and then it got flooded. It was a mix of crabgrass, Bahia, Bermuda and very little tiffleaf 3 after the waters receded. I grazed it down some and it was a little higher than I like but it cut pretty good. I spread oats and then came back and with my gangs straight and disced it again. I could only find a few random seeds that were not covered. we received an 1" 9tenths Sunday night and got another 9tenths yesterday and it supposed to rain again today. so the Bermuda that I tore up was showing signs of life again and the oats should start needling thru in the next few days.

Feed Question
by TennesseeTuxedo (Posted Tue, 16 Sep 2014 13:39:27 GMT)
Bestoutwest wrote:Thanks guys for all the help. I went with a trace mineral salt lick. The cows went crazy for it the first day. Apparently they were needing some salt.

Put out loose salt like TB advised and you'll really make some friends!

Hotels now want maids to be tipped
by TexasBred (Posted Tue, 16 Sep 2014 13:36:37 GMT)
If it's just an overnight stay I seldom leave a tip. If I stay in a place more than one night I always leave a tip. Everybody enjoys receiving something good unexpected. But don't tell me I HAVE TO DO IT. It's my decision.

Back again
by Karin (Posted Tue, 16 Sep 2014 13:23:10 GMT)
Thanks. I've been pretty lucky to have my camera handy at some of the things I've been able to see. If not my big Canon, then my iPhone has taken some pretty amazing photos as well. The very first one I posted on this thread, for instance, was with my phone.

Switch is Disappearing on Cow's Tails
by MO_cows (Posted Tue, 16 Sep 2014 13:05:24 GMT)
I have heard it can be a sign of fescue intolerance. Was that an old wives tale (tail)?

Where's Jo's salsa recipe?
by Hook (Posted Tue, 16 Sep 2014 12:53:59 GMT)
Dang that sounds good too.

Florida starts it's premise id program this week
by Hook (Posted Tue, 16 Sep 2014 12:50:39 GMT)
I'll just have the sale barn tag em if I want the premium or feel they may bring it

Bull lame in right rear leg--swollen badly
by cowgirl8 (Posted Tue, 16 Sep 2014 12:25:22 GMT)
This happened to our best bull. So sickening. We do have a son out of him and to help with it not happening again we've done nothing to make him big like his father. We started doing this with our bulls(feeding them for size) after years of buying fat registered bulls that fell apart a month after getting them, the bigger they are the harder they fall. The genetics is there whether they are overfed or pasture condition is how we see it.

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