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Breeds of Beef Cattle

cattle breeds livestock Cattle are considered to have been one of the first animals domesticated by man for agricultural purposes.  They were tamed to provide milk, meat and hides and for draft purposes.  The exact time and place this happened is hidden in the mists of antiquity, but it is thought they were probably first domesticated in Europe and Asia about 8500 years ago.

Domesticated cattle are in the family  Bovidae which includes ruminates with paired, hollow, unbranched horns that do not shed and an even number of toes.  They belong to the genus Bos and the subgenera Taurine which includes the two species tarus and indicus

Cattle are ruminants (as are sheep, goats, deer, and giraffes), which gives them a unique digestive system that allows the digestion of otherwise unuseable foods by regurgitating and rechewing them as cud. They thrive on grasses and other low quality plants built predominantly of cellulose. Cattle have one stomach that has four compartments. They are named the rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum. The rumen is the largest compartment and is like a fermentation tank, providing the anaerobic environment, constant temperature and pH, and constant mixing that allows microbes to break down the cellulolse. The reticulum, known as the "Honeycomb", is is the smallest compartment. The omasum's main function is to absorb water and nutrients and is known as the "Many Plies." The abomasum is most like the human stomach; this is why it is known as the "True Stomach."

All breeds of British and European cattle like Angus, Hereford, Charolais and Simmental belong to the tarus species.  The humped cattle of the tropical countries like Brahman and Africander belong to the indicus species.  Many contemporary breeds are the result of crossing two or more of the older breeds.  Most of the new breeds originating in the United States were developed in the Southern states where the standard breeds lacked resistance to heat and insects and did not thrive on the native grasses.  Other Bovidae that are so closely related to true cattle that they can interbreed include the bison, buffalo, and yak.

Purebred cattle breeds have been selectively bred over a long period of time to possess a distinctive identity in color, size, conformation, and function and have the prepotency to pass these traits to their progeny.

The world cattle population is estimated to be about 1.3 billion head, with about 30 percent in Asia, 20 percent in South America, 15 percent in Africa, 14 percent in North and Central America, and 10 percent in Europe.  The 10 states in the US with the  largest cattle populations  are Texas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Nebraska, South Dakota, Montana, Kansas, Iowa, Kentucky, and Florida.

Click on the breed you would like to know more about in the Index on the left.

These are some of the current topics being discussed on CattleToday.com's Breeds Board. Why don't you join in?

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These are a few of the topics being discussed on the Q&A Boards.
Just click on the topic to read it.   Why not join the discussion?
CattleToday.com
CattleToday's Q & A Boards are a Cattle Forum for swapping information and asking and answering questions about breed, health problems, beginners questions and jokes about cattle and horses.

Sunbelt Ag Expo
by gizmom (Posted Mon, 26 Sep 2016 21:12:38 GMT+5)
The boss and I will be at the Southern Excellence booth in the livestock barn on Wednesday and Thursday. Hopefully we will get to meet some of you folks! TGF its always a good thing to know the cook! I will be willing to test out the butts I sure don't want you to serve something that hasn't been taste tested! It a tough job but friends should be willing to make sacrifices.

gizmom



Odd couple
by Muddy (Posted Mon, 26 Sep 2016 21:07:53 GMT+5)
I would keep the females and I think you'll like them as cows. There's usually 50% chance of getting solid calves anyways.



What's CRP paying now?
by Bigfoot (Posted Mon, 26 Sep 2016 21:07:00 GMT+5)
He said Crp, but very well may have been confused.



Commercial cow bull
by Ky hills (Posted Mon, 26 Sep 2016 20:27:12 GMT+5)
For keeping replacement heifers, I would recommend Hoover Dam. For the other calves, PA Power Tool may work well, he has good carcass EPD's. I have just weaned some commercial calves by him from Hereford and BWF cows, and so far they have done well.



gimpy calf
by dieselbeef (Posted Mon, 26 Sep 2016 20:24:31 GMT+5)
wifes not doing well...only seen the calf from a distance...its doing better than my wife



National Anthem Unbelievable
by bbirder (Posted Mon, 26 Sep 2016 20:22:45 GMT+5)
Both were Very impressive. It's a shame that some of our National leaders do not get goosebumps for this very thing. " Flag icon that we do not have"






Bull Breed
by BRYANT (Posted Mon, 26 Sep 2016 20:14:55 GMT+5)
Supa Dexta wrote:I didnt say anything about a certain breed. He's the one that brought up wild cattle.

true you didn't. sorry
Jdwest wrote: I have the facilities to handle them

I have the facilities to handle them also but very few of mine are what he 's calling ''HOT WIRED CATTLE ''because I know how to work with cattle. at least I feel I do. I have bought some hot ones but most , not all, I can get calmed down enough that I can get along with them. I have gave more than one person a piece of my mind for teasing cattle at a sale barn just to try and make them fight that gets me hot wired pretty fast.



Kenny Thomas has a question
by Ky hills (Posted Mon, 26 Sep 2016 20:14:06 GMT+5)
Margonme wrote:TennesseeTuxedo wrote:Kenny asked me to post this label from a bag of minerals available in his market.

He would like to hear opinions please.



Is the copper chelated? I will not use anything that is not chelated. I spent too many years involved in bioavailability studies. You can put copper in and get the same amount of copper out if it is not in a form that bovines can move into their cells.

I have been using chelated minerals for a couple years. I do think that there is a difference for the better as opposed to non chelated minerals.



latest dead calf - thoughts?
by angus9259 (Posted Mon, 26 Sep 2016 20:12:08 GMT+5)
cowgirl8 wrote:dun wrote:We had a cow this year do similar. Calf early and missing lots of hair. No odor at all. Only reason we found it was because the cow was standing over it bellering and licking trying to get it up. 2 hours before she was grazing with the other cows. Would have been her 9th calf. Never an issue with the other 8, have several of her daughters in the herd.
Funny thing about the stillborn calves. If they are not broken open, sometimes the smell is slight. But once broken open, its a different story. We had to pull a backwards dead calf. I did not smell it at first, but when the limbs started coming off as we tried to get it out, PUUUUU..and that smell stuck to us like no other smell. SO unless you broke open the calf, or stuck your nose right to it, its not going to smell ripe from standing distance right away...
We took a cow with a dead calf inside. I dont remember the circumstances as to why and how we knew it was dead...but i took her to the vet. I walked in and said...."I'm sorry." lol.....was told that it was about the smelliest ever for that vet.

This calf had no intention of coming apart. I drug it 1500 feet by it's leg to get it's mom to my squeeze chute. The naval was still red.



Debate is finally settled.
by BrandX (Posted Mon, 26 Sep 2016 20:03:55 GMT+5)
My wife and I lived by the coast in Oregon a few years back. I loved it. great part of the country.



First Accident
by Margonme (Posted Mon, 26 Sep 2016 20:02:04 GMT+5)
Got a check today for $2,486.18. I pulled most of the dent out. I think I will just keep on truckin.



Blind bearing removal
by M-5 (Posted Mon, 26 Sep 2016 19:51:57 GMT+5)
I had an idea to attach the bearing puller in the race. Get another nut to screw on to the mandrel and weld a grade 8 bolt to it then get a piece of heavy wall pipe that will fit on the housing the bridge the pipe with a 1/2 " thick bar with a hole in it then attach a nut to the bolt sticking thru hole.



Insurance question?
by Bigfoot (Posted Mon, 26 Sep 2016 19:48:21 GMT+5)
I found a new company. Takes affect October 1st. I was already looking, and my old company raised my premium $37 every 6 months. That got me even more interested in finding somebody. "Supposedly", I have better insurance, and about 20% cheaper. We shall see.



Truck Brand
by SoILcattle (Posted Mon, 26 Sep 2016 19:45:21 GMT+5)
Duramax for me, have owned power stroke and cummins.

Recently sold a 2003 Duramax with 180k replaced both front hubs

Currently have a 08 with 87k 0 problems



Are you guilty
by Aaron (Posted Mon, 26 Sep 2016 19:42:11 GMT+5)
dun wrote:Aaron wrote:Depends on how quick I need it and if I am ordering other parts along with it. Bought a slug of parts to rebuild the gearbox on my BH 406 brush cutter last week. Mechanic also wanted to replace the main bottom nut holding the stump pan. Knew it would be pricey with left hand threads on a 2" nut, ended up being $26. 2nd day air freight was very reasonable at $20. I always check price before I pay, and have at times said no way at parts counter. Having some of every brand, New Holland is by far the most ridiculous for price, even for parts they still manufacture for current models. Belarus is cheapest and I try to source via the Net straight from Ukraine.
I just today ordered a part for my bush hog 3008. List price is 179.90 plus shipping. From the dealer it's 190.79 and will take a week to get here.

Easier to get parts online for the lighter duty models than the 406. Majority of aftermarket want to pass off the cheaper round shaft blade bolt for the 406, rather than the proper hex shaft bolt which run about $200 at the dealer.







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