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Breeds of Beef Cattle

cattle breeds livestock Cattle are considered to have been one of the first animals domesticated by man for agricultural purposes.  They were tamed to provide milk, meat and hides and for draft purposes.  The exact time and place this happened is hidden in the mists of antiquity, but it is thought they were probably first domesticated in Europe and Asia about 8500 years ago.

Domesticated cattle are in the family  Bovidae which includes ruminates with paired, hollow, unbranched horns that do not shed and an even number of toes.  They belong to the genus Bos and the subgenera Taurine which includes the two species tarus and indicus

Cattle are ruminants (as are sheep, goats, deer, and giraffes), which gives them a unique digestive system that allows the digestion of otherwise unuseable foods by regurgitating and rechewing them as cud. They thrive on grasses and other low quality plants built predominantly of cellulose. Cattle have one stomach that has four compartments. They are named the rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum. The rumen is the largest compartment and is like a fermentation tank, providing the anaerobic environment, constant temperature and pH, and constant mixing that allows microbes to break down the cellulolse. The reticulum, known as the "Honeycomb", is is the smallest compartment. The omasum's main function is to absorb water and nutrients and is known as the "Many Plies." The abomasum is most like the human stomach; this is why it is known as the "True Stomach."

All breeds of British and European cattle like Angus, Hereford, Charolais and Simmental belong to the tarus species.  The humped cattle of the tropical countries like Brahman and Africander belong to the indicus species.  Many contemporary breeds are the result of crossing two or more of the older breeds.  Most of the new breeds originating in the United States were developed in the Southern states where the standard breeds lacked resistance to heat and insects and did not thrive on the native grasses.  Other Bovidae that are so closely related to true cattle that they can interbreed include the bison, buffalo, and yak.

Purebred cattle breeds have been selectively bred over a long period of time to possess a distinctive identity in color, size, conformation, and function and have the prepotency to pass these traits to their progeny.

The world cattle population is estimated to be about 1.3 billion head, with about 30 percent in Asia, 20 percent in South America, 15 percent in Africa, 14 percent in North and Central America, and 10 percent in Europe.  The 10 states in the US with the  largest cattle populations  are Texas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Nebraska, South Dakota, Montana, Kansas, Iowa, Kentucky, and Florida.

Click on the breed you would like to know more about in the Index on the left.

These are some of the current topics being discussed on CattleToday.com's Breeds Board. Why don't you join in?

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These are a few of the topics being discussed on the Q&A Boards.
Just click on the topic to read it.   Why not join the discussion?
CattleToday.com
CattleToday's Q & A Boards are a Cattle Forum for swapping information and asking and answering questions about breed, health problems, beginners questions and jokes about cattle and horses.

Truck Shopping
by Bigfoot (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 11:55:49 GMT+5)
I need one. I will probably turn 200k miles on mine this week. It's an 07 3/4 ton gas burner. Plane as the driven snow. Rubber mats etc. bought new in '07, for believe $24,000 (Mathematicaly, it's cost me less than 2k a year in depreciation). I'd be looking at almost double that now. Mind you that is on a plain truck. Think I'll drive it till it falls. It ain't worth much by now anyway.

Supposed to be a place near St Loius (long way from you). They have one price selling, and you can buy over the phone. Supposed to have the best deal around. Tempted to look in to it, but it's crushing to see that much $ go flying out the window.



Sidearm of choice for concealed carry?
by cattle60 (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 11:55:07 GMT+5)
Glock 40



Religion and Politics
by inyati13 (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 11:52:41 GMT+5)
Bestoutwest wrote:True Grit Farms wrote: And to even mention the koran with the flag of the US of A is a disgrace to the flag.

You're all about 1) religious freedom and 2) following the constitution. So, how is that disgraceful to the 'flag of the US of A?' This country was built on religious freedom, wasn't it? Or is it just your religious freedom you're concerned with?

Someone had mentioned the hypocrisy of man earlier. It seems that it is now out in all it's glory.

bball did:

Most folks are for freedom and liberty...right up to the point that some one else's liberty directly opposes their own values/mores/norms/religious beliefs. It's the 'hypocritical' nature of man.

As Jeremiah Johnson said, "Danm, can't go none better."



Heat- 96 today
by greybeard (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 11:51:50 GMT+5)
Ain't no dry heat here--I'm in East Texas, 45 miles from Houston. Our humidity is legendary. We're #9 on weather channel's 10 most humid cities in the country--1/2 of that list is in East Texas.
"The average relative humidity ranges from over 90 percent in the morning to around 60 percent in the afternoon"
I too was in GTMO from 1974, thru 1975. Worked on one of the ferries running back and forth from leeward to mainside. The ferries back then were old converted LCUs) Worked in the port services engine shop 2nd year there. I sure do missed the fishing there.



Pictures from work
by greybeard (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 11:44:54 GMT+5)
uplandnut wrote:
This would be the view from my "office"

side shot from the ground of the whole works.
One of my very first summer jobs as a kid, spreading hot asphalt on the temporary exit ramps on the I-10 bridge over lower San Jacinto River --many decades ago, except I was the scrawny kid (labor) with a square nosed shovel in my hands till the dirt foreman drove up one hot afternoon and asked if any of us knew how to run a dozer. I dropped that Mexican dragline and was seated in the back of bossman's truck before the shovel handle hit the ground, leavin my twin brother standing there with his rake giving me the finger as we drove off. He got me back later tho.



Fescue Belt
by cattle60 (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 11:35:41 GMT+5)
Goes dormant.



Fall grazing
by cattle60 (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 11:35:08 GMT+5)
What is big blue? Not real sure yet but I think big blue quote



Calculating Cost in Heifers and Bulls
by MOFarmer2013 (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 11:31:56 GMT+5)
I am trying to find the most accurate way to determine profitability in each individual cow and compute how much it cost to have a cow for year. I know it is easy to calculate ALL expenses by the number of head. What I am trying to find out is how does everyone else calculate when they keep a heifer or a bull. It seems to me if you keep a heifer for 2 years without any income, your numbers would be skewed.



Diesel versus Mineral Oil?
by 1982vett (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 11:17:30 GMT+5)
cattle60 wrote:Thanks for the info, Always have a problem where some don't want anything to do with the rubs.
keep them out. Sooner or later they will catch on.



working heavy bred cows
by cattle60 (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 11:15:04 GMT+5)
Wait, No way in this heat



If the world comes to an end, what is in your fridge?
by greybeard (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 11:13:06 GMT+5)
TexasBred wrote:If the world comes to an end you won't even need the fridge, let alone what you might have put in it.
Maybe some intend to get inside it to ward off the eternal heat for little awhile?



Had some fun today
by Nesikep (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 11:12:08 GMT+5)
The best part of the day was I won the 50/50 raffle for $450.. first time I go to an event with more money when I leave!

Truck did well even against some old muscle.. I was only a tenth behind this guy




strange heifer incident?
by cattle60 (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 11:02:21 GMT+5)
Tall Timber , Was this one of the show me select heifers? Sorry for your problems, Know the feelings. What vets do you have to use? Mine came out of Farmington.



Carpenter Bees
by LRTX1 (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 10:35:42 GMT+5)
M-5 wrote:The traps work. 18000 holes is a lot to caulk up. Yall don't have dirt daubers????? them little basterds around here will evict the bee and pack mud in hole over night.

No kidding, I can lay an air tool down only to come back to it in a few minutes and they clogged the fitting. Maybe not that fast but it seems like it.



Garden 2016
by Craig Miller (Posted Mon, 25 Jul 2016 09:29:37 GMT+5)
Got a few purple hulls and butter beans. We are getting this many a couple times a week. The pintos ain't doing nothin. Could be the grass.



I do the best I can with the grass being gone like I am. So far it hasn't hurt the production much except the pintos. This is the garden at moms. Part of it anyways.







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