Breeds of Beef Cattle
Cattle are considered to have been one of the first animals domesticated by man for agricultural purposes. They were tamed to provide milk, meat and hides and for draft purposes. The exact time and place this happened is hidden in the mists of antiquity, but it is thought they were probably first domesticated in Europe and Asia about 8500 years ago.
Domesticated cattle are in the family Bovidae which includes ruminates with paired, hollow, unbranched horns that do not shed and an even number of toes. They belong to the genus Bos and the subgenera Taurine which includes the two species tarus and indicus.
Cattle are ruminants (as are sheep, goats, deer, and giraffes), which gives them a unique digestive system that allows the digestion of otherwise unuseable foods by regurgitating and rechewing them as cud. They thrive on grasses and other low quality plants built predominantly of cellulose. Cattle have one stomach that has four compartments. They are named the rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum. The rumen is the largest compartment and is like a fermentation tank, providing the anaerobic environment, constant temperature and pH, and constant mixing that allows microbes to break down the cellulolse. The reticulum, known as the "Honeycomb", is is the smallest compartment. The omasum's main function is to absorb water and nutrients and is known as the "Many Plies." The abomasum is most like the human stomach; this is why it is known as the "True Stomach."
All breeds of British and European cattle like Angus, Hereford, Charolais and Simmental belong to the tarus species. The humped cattle of the tropical countries like Brahman and Africander belong to the indicus species. Many contemporary breeds are the result of crossing two or more of the older breeds. Most of the new breeds originating in the United States were developed in the Southern states where the standard breeds lacked resistance to heat and insects and did not thrive on the native grasses. Other Bovidae that are so closely related to true cattle that they can interbreed include the bison, buffalo, and yak.
Purebred cattle breeds have been selectively bred over a long period of time to possess a distinctive identity in color, size, conformation, and function and have the prepotency to pass these traits to their progeny.
The world cattle population is estimated to be about 1.3 billion head, with about 30 percent in Asia, 20 percent in South America, 15 percent in Africa, 14 percent in North and Central America, and 10 percent in Europe. The 10 states in the US with the largest cattle populations are Texas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Nebraska, South Dakota, Montana, Kansas, Iowa, Kentucky, and Florida.
Click on the breed you would like to know more about in the Index on the left.
These are some of the current topics being discussed on CattleToday.com's Breeds Board. Why don't you join in?
Cattle Today Online!
Cattle Today Online is the cattleman's guide to the cattle business. Take your time and look around. You'll find the net's best cattle news, free livestock classified ads, free ranch listing, the latest USDA livestock market report, free ranch email, Baxter Black, and a free newsletter just for ranchers. While you are there browse our Links and find a list of breeders. Or make someone smile by sending them a Cow Card!
These are a few of the topics being discussed on the Q&A Boards.
Just click on the topic to read it. Why not join the discussion?
CattleToday's Q & A Boards are a Cattle Forum for swapping information and asking and answering questions about breed, health problems, beginners questions and jokes about cattle and horses.
Picked up these girls Saturday
by denvermartinfarms (Posted Wed, 23 Apr 2014 15:41:49 GMT)
cowgirl8 wrote:denvermartinfarms wrote:cowgirl8 wrote:Thistles are so easy to control without sprays...
What's an easier way???
We cleared over 1000 acres of thistles by cutting off the heads before they seeded and using a sharp shooter shovel to pop out the rest of the plant. It took years but our place is free of thistles.. I'd do it while checking cows, here and there....my father in law would go out to avoid the 'Honey Do' jobs..The kids would go out and do it.. Over time, we have no thistles. And remember to collect the flower heads even if they havent opened. They will open even when cut. I would take a feed bag with me and throw the heads in it and then chunk it in the trash or burn them.
That is the other way. But I'm pretty sure spraying is more efficient.
Man on a mission
by skyhightree1 (Posted Wed, 23 Apr 2014 15:41:28 GMT)
looking good can't wait to eat some thick cut bacon you smoked out of it
Can someone identify this fish species? bass
by dun (Posted Wed, 23 Apr 2014 15:24:35 GMT)
TexasBred wrote:dun what do you mean when you say "neck racked"??
Missed the c, shoud be neck cracked
White spots on black cattle
by cowgirl8 (Posted Wed, 23 Apr 2014 15:22:19 GMT)
I'm not sure who the breeder was, it was a consignment sale. We bought a couple solid black sim/angus.
by skyhightree1 (Posted Wed, 23 Apr 2014 15:18:33 GMT)
Jogeephus wrote:Sky, I think you are making the right choice but if a hurricane demolishes your place the day your policy runs out don't blame me.
I think the general consensus is the insurance companies need to lower the rates considerably before its truly worth while to the average timber farmer. Like Greybeard said, the average person only makes $50/acre/year on trees and when you are paying the government 20% of this so you can have the privilege of owning land and have them tell you what you can and cannot do with it, it doesn't make much sense to give the insurance company another 24% of your yearly theoretical return because that adds up fast and I think if you were to amortize these payments forward to the day you actually get a check from the timber then you would be sick. Then in the end, you have to pay the government again 3 times in Georgia when you cut it. He77, buggers the mind as to why you planted the trees in the first place when everyone else is getting money from them but you.
LOL Jo I will send you a bill if they are damaged. My grandmother replanted a nice tract for my kids. I had nothing to do with it my land I cut is still that nothing has been done but clearing about 10 acres in total.
by bigbull338 (Posted Wed, 23 Apr 2014 15:10:50 GMT)
every1 manages cattle differant that doesnt mean that some dont know what they are doing.take me alot of people think i dont know what im doing.but ive survived droughts that made others here sell out.year before last the custom baler cost got to where we could make equipment payments.so last year we bought a baler and cut our cost by 60%.so this year we bought an 8 wheel rake for what it would cost to have our hay raked.thus paying for the rake an only being out very little to hire the hay cut.have enough tractors to keep the baling equipment hooked up without unhooking.and still have a spare tractor if needed.now addressing the cost of keeping cattle.i dont count alot of my expenes against the cattle because the money i spend on them would be spent else where if i didnt have cattle.1 other thing ive sold 3 show calves this year plus going to cull 3 cows along with the bull calves.so that means ill have money to buy cows with next month.so does that mean im still going in the hole you tell me.
by cow pollinater (Posted Wed, 23 Apr 2014 14:56:35 GMT)
Foot angle is a heritable trait. Unless they really get lamed up, breed them to a bull with correct foot angle. You can go a little extreme with the first cross but in later generations always breed to ideal so that it averages out over time. Foot and leg traits are about 15% heritable so don't get discouraged if you don't see improvement in one generation. You have to trust that she has the genetics for an improvement in that trait even if she does not display it.
From a management point of view, keep in mind that a lame cow used a lot more energy than a sound cow so if you see performance problems it could be the feet even if she's not gimpy. Then you have to decide if you want to help her or not risk furthering genetics that cause problems.
People are not clean
by TN Cattle Man (Posted Wed, 23 Apr 2014 14:54:45 GMT)
hurleyjd wrote:I can tell you something that stinks as well it is when the woman has powdered old puss and think that takes care of it. They come to town like that and you can smell them 10 foot or better away.
Is sudden expense a big deal?
by TexasBred (Posted Wed, 23 Apr 2014 14:47:50 GMT)
Brute 23 wrote:I typed it in again.
Annual Addition- $1200
Yrs to grow- 50
Ann. Interest Rate- 10%
Compound times per year- 1
End of year
http://www.moneychimp.com/calculator/co ... ulator.htm
Now to find an investment that will give you an average return of 10% over 30 years and a minimum original investment of only $100.
drought in south
by Shanghai (Posted Wed, 23 Apr 2014 14:44:58 GMT)
The drought has a death grip on the southwest
Wheat crop is pretty much finished in tx and sw ok
Most have turned cattle in on it already
I was in Hutchinson ks yesterday and the wheats hanging on there
West of I-35 and north of I-20 up into Ks is in bad shape where I travel
Lakes are dried up or close to it
Tanks/ponds that have never gone dry are empty
Zero ground moisture and no real hope for putting in a summer crop
The best picture You ever took
by Jogeephus (Posted Wed, 23 Apr 2014 14:41:50 GMT)
Sundogs this last winter
I have heard of those things but never seen one. COOL!
8 cows in 16ft trailer
by cow pollinater (Posted Wed, 23 Apr 2014 14:31:23 GMT)
Disposition plays a role here as well. Eight gentle cows is a tight fit. Ten that hit it at 90mph will leave you with room for four more as long as you get the gate shut before the ones in back turn around.
by branguscowgirl (Posted Wed, 23 Apr 2014 14:27:31 GMT)
So sorry to hear about your cow and calf! Really sucks! Tomorrows a new day........
Loving my new Herfs
by branguscowgirl (Posted Wed, 23 Apr 2014 14:20:24 GMT)
Lets see some pictures!
Best tips on bottle feeding calf
by TexasBred (Posted Wed, 23 Apr 2014 14:16:46 GMT)
aprille218 wrote:cowgirl8 This is bottle calf #11. Generally 1-2 per season. Mixing in a pan for me works better and I like that there is no little clumps stuck inside the bottle like when I've mixed it in the bottle. If it works that way for you though great, maybe your tap water is hotter? Our calves do get starter as they grow also but really do much better on more milk than the bags say. Grass is at least a month off up here but that'll be available also eventually I think the key with this is to find out what works best for you/ them and stick with it. I just wanted the original post author and others to realize that the 2 quarts twice daily feeding that is listed on the bag can be adjusted to what works best. It's not a set in stone thing.
It's not chiseled in stone but it is very thoroughly researched. The idea is to give them enough "nutrients" not necessarily fill them up all the time and a well fortified high quality milk replacer will do it...also you want to get them on solid food as quickly as possible thus good high quality calf starter along with fresh water from day one.