Breeds of Beef Cattle
Cattle are considered to have been one of the first animals domesticated by man for agricultural purposes. They were tamed to provide milk, meat and hides and for draft purposes. The exact time and place this happened is hidden in the mists of antiquity, but it is thought they were probably first domesticated in Europe and Asia about 8500 years ago.
Domesticated cattle are in the family Bovidae which includes ruminates with paired, hollow, unbranched horns that do not shed and an even number of toes. They belong to the genus Bos and the subgenera Taurine which includes the two species tarus and indicus.
Cattle are ruminants (as are sheep, goats, deer, and giraffes), which gives them a unique digestive system that allows the digestion of otherwise unuseable foods by regurgitating and rechewing them as cud. They thrive on grasses and other low quality plants built predominantly of cellulose. Cattle have one stomach that has four compartments. They are named the rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum. The rumen is the largest compartment and is like a fermentation tank, providing the anaerobic environment, constant temperature and pH, and constant mixing that allows microbes to break down the cellulolse. The reticulum, known as the "Honeycomb", is is the smallest compartment. The omasum's main function is to absorb water and nutrients and is known as the "Many Plies." The abomasum is most like the human stomach; this is why it is known as the "True Stomach."
All breeds of British and European cattle like Angus, Hereford, Charolais and Simmental belong to the tarus species. The humped cattle of the tropical countries like Brahman and Africander belong to the indicus species. Many contemporary breeds are the result of crossing two or more of the older breeds. Most of the new breeds originating in the United States were developed in the Southern states where the standard breeds lacked resistance to heat and insects and did not thrive on the native grasses. Other Bovidae that are so closely related to true cattle that they can interbreed include the bison, buffalo, and yak.
Purebred cattle breeds have been selectively bred over a long period of time to possess a distinctive identity in color, size, conformation, and function and have the prepotency to pass these traits to their progeny.
The world cattle population is estimated to be about 1.3 billion head, with about 30 percent in Asia, 20 percent in South America, 15 percent in Africa, 14 percent in North and Central America, and 10 percent in Europe. The 10 states in the US with the largest cattle populations are Texas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Nebraska, South Dakota, Montana, Kansas, Iowa, Kentucky, and Florida.
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Need Help - Cow possibly sick after calfing. (with pictures)
by JersRanch (Posted Wed, 25 May 2016 20:37:46 GMT+5)
Son of Butch wrote:Does not appear you are making any progress, rather than taking the cheap route by speaking with vets, you need to
have a large animal vet come out and do an actual hands on exam.
Don't get me wrong...I'm all for cheap routes...but there comes a time when you need to take the next step.
Be there for the exam. Watch, listen and learn, it can be an opportunity for a good learning experience.
It has nothing to do with being cheap, i'm willing to pay even $3000 for a vet exam. There is simply no large animal vet where I live. I would have to arrange for one who is willing to fly over and stay here for a day or two which if it comes to it, I will have to do.
The Large Animal Thermometer just arrived so I will be taking her temp in about 2 hours and will post the results.
Today it seemed like she was having difficulty swallowing and eating/drinking so I will check her mouth for "wood tongue" which I hope is not the case.
With two other vet consultations, they recommended LA200 for 4 days and Propylne Glycol, which I will be the next steps I will take.
by littletom (Posted Wed, 25 May 2016 20:37:22 GMT+5)
More dreaded rain today more coming tonite. Looks like a sad repeat of last year. About like living in the rain forest here since oct. of 14
butchering after vaccinating
by TN Cattle Man (Posted Wed, 25 May 2016 20:34:07 GMT+5)
Why would you vaccinate a cow you know you are going to cull? Will this cow be going to the "kill" market or trying to be sold as a bred cow? If she will be killed, then the ethical thing to do would be to wait on the withdrawal period and it will be listed on the label.
I'm about to give up.
by True Grit Farms (Posted Wed, 25 May 2016 20:32:06 GMT+5)
Come on, misery loves company.
Calf getting antibiotics from mother's milk
by garnetann (Posted Wed, 25 May 2016 20:31:51 GMT+5)
If a cow is treated with LA 200, or 4G crumbles, will the nursing calf also get the antibiotics from the milk?
by Bigfoot (Posted Wed, 25 May 2016 20:31:28 GMT+5)
It may just be me, but I view an email, as a fairly private matter. I see it as a personal conversation. I know that conversation can be shared with others, and forwarded to others. Personally, I'm not going to forward our private conversation, nor will I let others read it. I am in a little back and forth email discussion with a few people about a rodeo matter. Obviously I feel I'm right, and defending my position. Obviously, the other side feels they are right, and are defending their position. We've been hacking at it for about a week now. The actual problem is not the matter, and who's right, and who's wrong. It's been very civil, for a few days now. Yesterday, one of the gentlemen involved in the discussions wife sent out a nasty gram in this group email to me, under her husbands email address. What she said, wasn't that big of deal. She actually had no idea what she was talking about, and ended up looking like a fool. It just struck me as odd, that I was in a discussion with a fellow board member, and suddenly his wife weighs in on it. She doesn't have a vote anyway. I'm used to emails where I work. Everything is pretty confidential there. Is it fairly common to pass email conversations around? Can't say I've ever seen that move before.
Buy land or fund an IRA?
by Cross-7 (Posted Wed, 25 May 2016 20:20:59 GMT+5)
Caustic Burno wrote:Cross-7 wrote:Going to throw this out there
I'm paranoid and have no faith in the economy or our government
I'm looking for isolation.
I'm looking for the basics, food, water and place I can protect.
I think the monetary system is going to fail.
When the SHTF I want to insulate myself as best I can.
Problem with that we few will be over run by millions if we have a true economic collapse. The masses will flee the city in search of food and shelter.
Hard for one man to guard 100 to 200 acres 24/7
A tough story and a sign of things to come
by Bigfoot (Posted Wed, 25 May 2016 20:07:20 GMT+5)
Dont get wrong, I have nothing against ear rings. My wife and daughters wear em all the time.
Bathroom dilemma for the wife or daughter.
by True Grit Farms (Posted Wed, 25 May 2016 20:07:01 GMT+5)
JMJ Farms wrote:For me it ain't about being angry or scared. It's about something called principle. Too many folks don't even know what principles are anymore.
Our principles don't mean a hill of beans to a liberal. Tolerance is what they preach now a days, live and let live. It won't be long before the weirdos will be dressing up dogs and sheep and marrying them.
by cowboy43 (Posted Wed, 25 May 2016 20:05:40 GMT+5)
Next Monday will be Memorial Day from what I am seeing of the young peoples education , public school and college how many know why we celebrate the day.
curved fences vs?
by wbvs58 (Posted Wed, 25 May 2016 19:55:47 GMT+5)
If the curve is a bit more than you would like a pair of T posts every so often, the 2nd driven in at 30 degree angle as a brace and wired to the upright post I find to be reasonably durable and take a bit of load.
Don't steal free milk..
by SJB (Posted Wed, 25 May 2016 19:48:52 GMT+5)
Kid don't need a judge. He needs a daddy and a woodshed.
Livestock Trailer rentals
by cowboy43 (Posted Wed, 25 May 2016 19:42:21 GMT+5)
What is special about the heifers that you would drive that far to purchase. When you drive out of State from Austin it ain't nothin close.
Who started from nothing?
by GRTiger85 (Posted Wed, 25 May 2016 19:10:10 GMT+5)
I'm 29, and pretty much started from scratch in college. Grew up on cattle operations my dad managed. Started with 3 cows and leased land from my grandparents. Currently running about 45 Registered cows and about 30 commercial cows. Have about 500 acres worth leased. It's possible but you have to be willing to put in the work and make sacrifices to do it. Keep the landowners happy, and they will usually take care of you. Lease land is hard to find so dont do anything to screw it up.
TexasBred, what's your advice on this mineral?
by TexasBred (Posted Wed, 25 May 2016 19:07:31 GMT+5)
Pointer1160 wrote:I was told by someone I trust that a mineral that has really good ingredients will include Copper Chloride.
Or Copper Amino Acid Complex.